Failure to Detect Mismatches Between Intention and Outcome in a Simple Decision Task

@article{Johansson2005FailureTD,
  title={Failure to Detect Mismatches Between Intention and Outcome in a Simple Decision Task},
  author={Petter Johansson and Lars Hall and Sverker Sikstr{\"o}m and Andreas Olsson},
  journal={Science},
  year={2005},
  volume={310},
  pages={116 - 119}
}
A fundamental assumption of theories of decision-making is that we detect mismatches between intention and outcome, adjust our behavior in the face of error, and adapt to changing circumstances. Is this always the case? We investigated the relation between intention, choice, and introspection. Participants made choices between presented face pairs on the basis of attractiveness, while we covertly manipulated the relationship between choice and outcome that they experienced. Participants failed… 
Memory distorions resulting from a choice blindness task
Using a choice blindness paradigm, it is possible to switch decisions and outcomes in simple choice tasks. Such switches have been found to carry over into later choices, hypothesized to be mediated
Correction of Manipulated Responses in the Choice Blindness Paradigm: What are the Predictors?
TLDR
The results highlight the elusiveness of choice blindness and speak against dissonance and lack of motivation to engage in cognitively demanding tasks as explanations why the effect occurs.
Is the Emotional Dog Blind to Its Choices?
TLDR
This study first made binary judgments about the wrongness of described behaviors and then were shown an opposite answer during a second reading of some of the descriptions, based on Haidt's Social intuitionist model, and found no difference between the groups.
Memory distortions resulting from a choice blindness task
TLDR
Investigation of participants’ memories for stimuli in a simple choice blindness task involving preferential choices between pairs of faces found source memory was impaired such that participants failing to detect the manipulation later misremembered recognized non-chosen faces as being previously chosen.
A massive experiment on choice blindness in political decisions: Confidence, confabulation, and unconscious detection of self-deception
We implemented a Choice Blindness Paradigm containing political statements in Argentina to reveal the existence of categorical ranges of introspective reports, identified by confidence and agreement
Choice Blindness and Preference Change: You Will Like This Paper Better If You (Believe You) Chose to Read It!
Choice blindness is the finding that participants both often fail to notice mismatches between their decisions and the outcome of their choice and, in addition, endorse the opposite of their chosen
Investigating the Influence of a Time-based Incentive on Choice Blindness Detection Rates
Choice blindness is the striking failure to notice mismatches between intention and outcome in decision-making. This counterintuitive phenomenon has proven itself robust against a range of external
Observing and influencing preferences in real time. Gaze, morality and dynamic decision-making
Preference formation and choice are dynamic cognitive processes arising from interactions between decision-makers and their immediate choice environment. This thesis examines how preferences and
A Simple Task Uncovers a Postdictive Illusion of Choice
TLDR
The findings suggest that, like certain low-level perceptual experiences, the experience of choice is susceptible to “postdictive” influence and that people may systematically overestimate the role that consciousness plays in their chosen behavior.
Choice Blindness in Financial Decision Making
Choice Blindness is an experimental paradigm that examines the interplay between individuals' preferences, decisions, and expectations by manipulating the relationship between intention and choice.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES
Interactions between decision making and performance monitoring within prefrontal cortex
TLDR
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, this work demonstrates complementary and reciprocal roles for the human orbitofrontal (OFC) and dorsal anterior cingulate cortices (ACd) in monitoring the outcome of behavior.
The intentional stance
How are we able to understand and anticipate each other in everyday life, in our daily interactions? Through the use of such "folk" concepts as belief, desire, intention, and expectation, asserts
The illusion of conscious will
Wegner (Wegner, D. (2002). The illusion of conscious will. MIT Press) argues that conscious will is an illusion, citing a wide range of empirical evidence. I shall begin by surveying some of his
Thinking and seeing : visual metacognition in adults and children
Experimental research has shown that people miss apparently obvious visual discontinuities -- a phenomenon known as "change blindness." For example, in one experiment, subjects watching a brief film
Change blindness: past, present, and future
Intentional action: Conscious experience and neural prediction
The Role of the Medial Frontal Cortex in Cognitive Control
TLDR
New findings in cognitive neuroscience concerning cortical interactions that subserve the recruitment and implementation of cognitive control are evaluated, suggesting that monitoring-related pMFC activity serves as a signal that engages regulatory processes in the LPFC to implement performance adjustments.
Anterior Cingulate Conflict Monitoring and Adjustments in Control
TLDR
Using the Stroop color-naming task and controlling for repetition effects, it is demonstrated that ACC conflict-related activity predicts both greater prefrontal cortex activity and adjustments in behavior, supporting a role of ACC conflict monitoring in the engagement of cognitive control.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...