Failure of Peace Talks between Turkey and the PKK: Victim of Traditional Turkish Policy or of Geopolitical Shifts in the Middle East?

  title={Failure of Peace Talks between Turkey and the PKK: Victim of Traditional Turkish Policy or of Geopolitical Shifts in the Middle East?},
  author={Cemal Ozkahraman},
  journal={Contemporary Review of the Middle East},
  pages={50 - 66}
  • Cemal Ozkahraman
  • Published 2017
  • Political Science
  • Contemporary Review of the Middle East
When the third set of peace negotiations between Kurdistan Workers’ Party (Partiya Karkerén Kurdistan, PKK) and the Turkish state were announced on March 21, 2013, there was a hope that they would lead to lasting peace in the Kurdish region of Turkey. However, these peace talks, like previous ones, failed. This article investigates whether traditional Turkish policy toward the Kurdish question impacted the peace process, and to what extent Kurdish autonomy in Syria and its increasing role in… Expand
Kurdish cross-border trade between Syria and Turkey: the socio-political trajectories of Syrian Kurds
Abstract From Syria’s independence to the eve of the civil war in 2011, Kurds in Syria were subjected to state ethno-exclusion, economic and socio-political marginalization, impacting on theirExpand
Transnational Operations, International Reactions, and Legitimacy: The Case of Turkey and Saudi Arabia
Maintaining global peace and security remains an essential concern for many actors in the international system. To achieve this goal, both states and international organizations commend that actionExpand
Mincing Words: The Three Layers of the AKP’s Narrative on Kurdish Politics
Abstract In 2009–2015, the Justice and Development Party (AKP) put forward several initiatives to end insurgency in Kurdish majority areas. However, successive “openings” failed to make progress. TheExpand
AKP, the Arab Spring and the Unravelling of the Turkey ‘Model’
Abstract The rise of the Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi (AKP), its domestic and foreign policy successes and its early response to the Arab Spring made it popular in the Arab world. Many inside Turkey,Expand
From National Liberation War to Self-defense: A Historical Glance at Öcalan’s Perspective on Violence
The leader of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan or PKK), Abdullah Öcalan, has played a crucial role in shaping the road map of the PKK since the founding of the organization inExpand
How populists securitize elections to win them: the 2015 double elections in Turkey
  • O. Şahin
  • Political Science
  • New Perspectives on Turkey
  • 2021
This study presents a new theoretical framework for understanding one of the ways in which populists generate support in elections. It argues that populist movements securitize elections byExpand
The Causes, Dynamics, and Implications of Child Soldiering
Many rebel groups continue to incorporate child soldiers yet the factors impacting these recruitment decisions remain underexplored. Extant literature has suggested that external sponsorship canExpand
Regulation through Legal Ambiguity: Politics of Reproduction in Contemporary Turkey
What do rights to reproductive health practises, such as abortion and contraception, stand for in a context that is ripe with obstacles for women as they seek access to safe reproductive healthcare?Expand


Behind the Turkish-Israeli Alliance: A Turkish View
Arguing that Turkey9s policy in the Middle East since the 1940s has been driven by its perception of geopolitical necessities, this article examines the shifts in that policy through the prism of keyExpand
Turkey''s Kurdish question: critical turning points and missed opportunities
The deteriorating Kurdish problem in Turkey is neither new nor is it beyond resolution. This article focuses on two sets of occasions that help us understand the dynamics and chances for theExpand
Syria's mutating civil war and its impact on Turkey, Iraq and Iran
Recent trends in the Syrian civil war have caused important shifts in alignment among neighbouring states. The conflict has exhibited a sharp turn towards ethno-sectarian violence, fighting amongExpand
Turkey’s Kurdish Problem: Steps Toward a Solution
Deep Kurdish and Turkish mistrust for each other, continuing PKK terrorist activity, the inadequacy of the government's reform measures, and the divided leadership of the Kurdish community are amongExpand
Turkey's Eventual Membership of the EU: Turkish Elite Perspectives on the Issue
Relations between the European Union (EU) and Turkey have tended to waver between being semi-cordial and extremely strained. Throughout this rather long history of attempts at establishing close tiesExpand
Europeanization as Institutional Change: The Case of the Turkish Military
Institutional change has become a primary issue in recent institutionalist literature. By analyzing the civilianization process of the Turkish political system in the context of the EuropeanizationExpand
Semi‐Authoritarian Incorporation and Autocratic Militarism in Turkey
This article argues that, since the early 1980s, there have been two regimes in Turkey. The first, which is broadly akin to Michael Mann's characterization of Semi-Authoritarian Incorporation, hasExpand
The Islamic State, the Kurdistan Region and the future of Iraq: assessing UK policy options
The fall of Mosul in June of 2014 was followed in July by the establishment of a self-proclaimed Caliphate by the Islamic State of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. Since then, the Islamic State has continued toExpand
Defining the Nation: Kurdish Historiography in Turkey in the 1990s
This article examines Kurdish historiography in Turkey in the 1990s. It centres on the question how the national community is historicised via central myths, especially for the pre-Islamic periods.Expand
The continuing Kurdish problem in Turkey after O¨calan's capture
Turkey's sudden and dramatic capture of Abdullah (Apo) Öcalan in Nairobi, Kenya on 16 February 1999, far from ending the odyssey of the longtime leader of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK), has ledExpand