Facts, Alternative Facts, and Fact Checking in Times of Post-Truth Politics

@article{Barrera2020FactsAF,
  title={Facts, Alternative Facts, and Fact Checking in Times of Post-Truth Politics},
  author={O. P. Albino Barrera and Sergei Guriev and Emeric Henry and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya},
  journal={CommRN: Other Political Communication (Topic)},
  year={2020}
}
How effective is fact checking in countervailing “alternative facts,” i.e., misleading statements by politicians? In a randomized online experiment during the 2017 French presidential election campaign, we subjected subgroups of 2480 French voters to alternative facts by the extreme-right candidate, Marine Le Pen, and/or corresponding facts about the European refugee crisis from official sources. We find that: (i) alter- native facts are highly persuasive; (ii) fact checking improves factual… 
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