Factors influencing flip angle mapping in MRI: RF pulse shape, slice-select gradients, off-resonance excitation, and B0 inhomogeneities.


To understand the various effects that influence actual flip angles, and correct for these effects, it is important to precisely quantify the MRI parameters (such as T1, T2, and perfusion). In this paper actual flip angle maps are calculated using a conventional gradient-echo (GRE) sequence with different radiofrequency (RF) pulse shapes (Gaussian, sinc… (More)


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