Factors influencing biodiversity and distributional gradients in mangroves

  title={Factors influencing biodiversity and distributional gradients in mangroves},
  author={Norman C. Duke and Marilyn C. Ball and Joanna C. Ellison},
Numerous factors affect the distribution of mangrove plants. Most mangrove species are typically dispersed by water-buoyant propagules, allowing them to lake advantage of estuarine, coastal and ocean currents both to replenish existing stands and to establish new ones. The direction they travel depends on sea currents and land barriers, but the dispersal distance depends on the time that propagules remain buoyant and viable. This is expected to differ for each species. Similarly, each species… 

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