Factors determining the upper limit of giant kelp

  title={Factors determining the upper limit of giant kelp},
  author={Michael H. Graham},
Abiotic and biotic factors determining the upper (shallow or nearshore) limit of giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera Agardh, were examined along a wave exposure gradient on the Monterey Peninsula, central California, USA. Wave modeling, analysis of aerial photographs from 1986 to 1989 and SCUBA surveys from 1993 to 1995 indicated a significant positive relationship between wave intensity and depth of the upper limit of giant kelp; increased wave intensity resulted in the upper limit moving… CONTINUE READING
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