Factors associated with management of cervical cancer patients at KCMC Hospital, Tanzania: a retrospective cross-sectional study

@article{Mosha2009FactorsAW,
  title={Factors associated with management of cervical cancer patients at KCMC Hospital, Tanzania: a retrospective cross-sectional study},
  author={Dominic Mosha and M. Mahande and J. Ahaz and M. Mosha and B. Njau and B. B. Kitali and J. Obure},
  journal={Tanzania journal of health research},
  year={2009},
  volume={11},
  pages={70-74}
}
Cervical cancer is an important public health problem among adult women worldwide. It is the second commonest malignancy in female worldwide and the leading malignancy among women in Tanzania. In most developing countries, cancer of the cervix tends to be diagnosed in its later stages when is less treatable. This study aimed at assessing factors associated with management of cervical cancer at KCMC Hospital in northern Tanzania. A purpose sampling was used to select a total of 200 patient… Expand
SNAP SHOT OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PATTERN OF CERVICAL CANCER PATIENTS REPORTING TO A TERTIARY CANCER CARE CENT ER IN NORTH KARNATAKA, INDIA
TLDR
An insight is given into the pattern and possible risk factors involved in cervical cancer patients attending to the tertiary cancer care hospital from the year 2001 to 2011 located in North Karnataka in the southern part of India. Expand
Treatment Outcome of Cervical Cancer Patients at Ocean Road Cancer Institute, Dar es salaam
TLDR
External beam radiation was seen to be the mode of treatment which was given to most of the patients, dose of radiation given as well as the stage of cervical cancer play a big role in the treatment outcome. Expand
Some Traits on the Outcome of the Treatment of Cervical Cancer in Tanzania: A Case Study of Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI)
TLDR
More emphasis and campaigns should be made in order to encourage women all over the country to attend cancer centers for screening and treatment at early stages or even before any symptoms for cervical cancer and other types of cancers. Expand
Factors Associated with Loss to Follow-up among Cervical Cancer Patients in Rwanda
TLDR
Enhanced patient education, mechanisms to facilitate diagnosis at early stages of disease, and strategies that improve patient tracking and follow-up may reduce LTFU and improve patient retention. Expand
HIV serostatus and tumor differentiation among patients with cervical cancer at Bugando Medical Centre
TLDR
Results from this study set suggest that HIV is common among cervical cancer patients and that HIV seropositivity may be associated with poor tumour differentiation, and larger studies are required to document this relationship. Expand
Patient Characteristics, Early Outcomes, and Implementation Lessons of Cervical Cancer Treatment Services in Rural Rwanda
TLDR
The early clinical outcomes and implementation lessons learned from the Rwanda Ministry of Health's first national cancer referral center, the Butaro Cancer Center of Excellence (BCCOE), are described to illustrate the feasibility and challenges of implementing effective cervical cancer treatment services in a rural setting in a low-income country. Expand
Impact of Initiating Screening Programs on Referral and Management of Cervical Cancer in Tanzania
TLDR
The impact of screening rural patients on referral and management of cervical cancer in Tanzania is investigated to find barriers to seeking cancer care, benefits of chemoradiotherapy in this population considering the change in prescribed treatment, and time until diagnosis and treatment. Expand
Factors that contribute to delay in seeking cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment among women in Malawi
TLDR
Factors that contribute to delay in seeking early diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer among women in Malawi are explored and there is a need to create community awareness on the signs and symptoms of cervicalcancer and the merits of seeking early diagnosed and treatment. Expand
Cervical cancer in Zimbabwe: a situation analysis
TLDR
Limitations in resources, infrastructure, manpower, delays in treatment and patient knowledge play a role in the high morbidity and mortality of cervical cancer in Zimbabwe. Expand
Cost-Effectiveness of Screening and Treatment for Cervical Cancer in Tanzania: Implications for other Sub-Saharan African Countries.
TLDR
The ORCI screening program was associated with averting 1.3 deaths from cervical cancer each year resulting from earlier diagnoses of cancer cases, with the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $4597 per life saved. Expand
...
1
2
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 17 REFERENCES
Situation analysis for cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment in east, central and southern African countries.
TLDR
There is an urgent need for more investment in the diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer in ECSA countries, and in these, and other countries with low resources, suitable screening programmes should be established. Expand
Situational analysis for diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer in mainland Tanzania.
TLDR
There is an urgent need to introduce systematic screening against cervical cancer and treatment of precursor lesions at all levels of health care delivery system in Tanzania and a national policy guideline should be urgently drawn addressing specifically frequency of screening and at what age to start screening. Expand
Survival of cervix cancer patients in Kampala, Uganda: 1995–1997
TLDR
Stage is an important determinant of survival: cases with distant metastasis had a risk of death some three times that of patients with localised disease, in the African context. Expand
Association between invasive cancer of the cervix and HIV-1 infection in Tanzania: the need for dual screening
TLDR
HIV-1 infection is associated with invasive cancer of the cervix and resource-constrained countries with a high burden of HIV-1 and cervical cancer should adopt a high-risk approach that targets HIV- 1 positive women for screening of cervical cancer initially by utilizing HIV/AIDS resources. Expand
Low survival of South African urban black women with cervical cancer
TLDR
In Soweto, Johannesburg, the incidence of cervical cancer, the most common cancer in black women, is higher than in most white populations but lower than in many other populations, and a third of the reported survival time in white patients die within 1.6 years of diagnosis. Expand
Impact of cancer screening on women's health
  • L. Elovainio, P. Nieminen, A. Miller
  • Medicine
  • International journal of gynaecology and obstetrics: the official organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • 1997
TLDR
The contribution of screening to the total mortality reduction among middle‐aged populations is small, much smaller than the potential gains from cancer prevention. Expand
Effective screening programmes for cervical cancer in low- and middle-income developing countries.
TLDR
The findings from the large body of research on various screening approaches carried out in developing countries and from the available managerial guidelines should be taken into account when reorganizing existing programmes and when considering new screening initiatives. Expand
Prevalence of and risks for cervical human papillomavirus infection and squamous intraepithelial lesions in adolescent girls: impact of infection with human immunodeficiency virus.
TLDR
High prevalence of HPV infection in both groups underscores the risky sexual behavior in this adolescent cohort, and infection with HIV may enhance HPV proliferation through mechanisms other than CD4 immunosuppression, particularly early in the course of HIV infection. Expand
Human papillomavirus is a necessary cause of invasive cervical cancer worldwide
TLDR
The presence of HPV in virtually all cervical cancers implies the highest worldwide attributable fraction so far reported for a specific cause of any major human cancer, and the rationale for HPV testing in addition to, or even instead of, cervical cytology in routine cervical screening. Expand
Global Cancer Statistics, 2002
TLDR
There are striking variations in the risk of different cancers by geographic area, most of the international variation is due to exposure to known or suspected risk factors related to lifestyle or environment, and provides a clear challenge to prevention. Expand
...
1
2
...