Factors affecting snow damage of trees with particular reference to European conditions.

  title={Factors affecting snow damage of trees with particular reference to European conditions.},
  author={Marja-Leena Nyk{\"a}nen and Markus Peltola and Christopher P. Quine and Seppo Kellom{\"a}ki and Marianne Broadgate},
Within the European Community snow damage affects an estimated 4 million m of timber every year, causing significant economic losses to forest owners. In Northern Europe, for example, the occurrence of snow damage has increased over the last few decades mainly due to the increase in total growing stock. The most common form of damage is stem breakage, but trees can also be bent or uprooted. Trees suffering snow damage are also more prone to consequential damage through insect or fungal attacks… CONTINUE READING


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