Factors affecting mortality of shearwaters stranded by light pollution

@article{Rodrguez2012FactorsAM,
  title={Factors affecting mortality of shearwaters stranded by light pollution},
  author={A. Rodr{\'i}guez and Beneharo Rodr{\'i}guez and Ana Curbelo and Alain Joseph Perez and Shaster Marrero and Juan J. Negro},
  journal={Animal Conservation},
  year={2012},
  volume={15}
}
Every year and across the world, thousands of fledglings of different petrel species crash into human structures because they are disorientated by artificial lights during their first flights. As this phenomenon is rather predictable, rescue campaigns are organized to help birds to reach the ocean, but unfortunately, a low proportion gets hurt or dies. Despite the huge number of affected individuals, and the fact that the problem was detected a long time ago, little is known on this source of… 

Light pollution and seabird fledglings: Targeting efforts in rescue programs

Management and conservation efforts should be directed to protect birds in the colonies and reduce light-induced mortality, ideally through the strategic reduction of light sources and lateral light spillage, rather than rescuing birds from roads, which have a lower probability of survival.

Fatal Attraction of Short-Tailed Shearwaters to Artificial Lights

The number of fledging short-tailed shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris found grounded in evening and morning rescue patrols conducted at Phillip Island, Australia, during a 15-year period suggests that light-induced mortality of seabirds is usually underestimated.

Factors influencing Manx Shearwater grounding on the west coast of Scotland

Grounding of thousands of newly fledged petrels and shearwaters (family Procellariidae) in built-up areas due to artificial light is a global problem. Due to their anatomy these grounded birds find

Using observed seabird fallout records to infer patterns of attraction to artificial light

These findings support recent modeling efforts predicting that most birds fledging from Kauai are likely exposed to at least some anthropogenic light, and suggest that even fledglings from dark regions of the island may not be safe because they may view light after reaching the ocean and still be suscepti-ble to attraction.

Seabird mortality induced by land-based artificial lights.

The most urgently needed actions to mitigate and understand light-induced mortality of seabirds are estimation of mortality and effects on populations; determination of threshold light levels and safe distances from light sources; documentation of the fate of rescued birds; improvement of rescue campaigns; and research on seabird-friendly lights to reduce attraction.

Investigation of fallout events in Hutton ’ s shearwaters ( Puffinus huttoni ) associated with artificial lighting

The risk of disorientation by artificial lights and subsequent ‘fallout’ has become a widely recognised issue for nocturnal procellariiform species. Using data from community-based rescue campaigns

Artificial lights and seabirds: is light pollution a threat for the threatened Balearic petrels?

Although impact seems to be low for all species, urban development and the increase in light pollution in the proximity of the colonies should be taken into account to reduce as much as possible this emerging source of mortality.

Maiden voyage into death: are fisheries affecting seabird juvenile survival during the first days at sea?

It is concluded that Scopoli's shearwater juveniles are particularly vulnerable to mortality events, and it is highlighted that fisheries, along with differential age-related behaviour skills between adults and juveniles, are likely causes of this mortality.

Tropical Shearwater population stability at Reunion Island, despite light pollution

Both acoustic surveys and the number of rescued birds indicate that the Tropical Shearwater population of Reunion Island did not decline between 1996/1997 and 2013/2015, and it is suggested that the rescue campaigns conducted annually strongly contributed to this stability.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 71 REFERENCES

Attraction of petrels to artificial lights in the Canary Islands: effects of the moon phase and age class

It is shown that light-induced mortality rates are of concern, at least for petrels and small shearwaters, during a 9-year study on Tenerife, the largest island of the Canary archipelago.

Attraction of Hawaiian seabirds to lights: conservation efforts and effects of moon phase

Every autumn more than 1,000 fledglings of 3 threatened or endangered procellariiform seabird species are attracted to bright coastal lights on the Hawaiian island of Kauai. These seabirds,

Light attraction in endangered procellariiform birds: Reduction by shielding upward radiation

-Autumnal attraction to man-made lighting causes heavy mortality in fledgling Hawaiian seabirds: Newell's Shearwater (PufJinus auricularis newelli), Dark-rumped Petrel (Pterodroma phaeopygia

Remote sensing to map influence of light pollution on Cory’s shearwater in São Miguel Island, Azores Archipelago

Global economic and population growth increase the extent and intensity of artificial night lighting. From an ecological perspective, this is light pollution, which causes changes in reproductive

RESCUE OF THE MASCARENE PETREL, A CRITICALLY ENDANGERED SEABIRD OF RÉUNION ISLAND, INDIAN OCEAN

Abstract The Mascarene Petrel (Pseudobulweria aterrima), an endemic seabird of Réunion Island, is one of the rarest and least known birds in the world. In this note we report on light-induced

Trends in numbers of petrels attracted to artificial lights suggest population declines in Tenerife, Canary Islands

Data from rescue campaigns that aim to reduce the mortality of fledgling petrels attracted to artificial lights are used as proxies for trends in breeding population size to suggest a worrying decline in the Macaronesian Shearwater’s breeding population.

The effects of light characteristics on avian mortality at lighthouses

The impact of a lighthouse on nocturnal avian migrants at Long Point, Lake Erie, Ontario, Canada is examined and simple changes in light signatures in reducing avian light attraction and mortality during migration are highlighted.
...