Factors Influencing Larval Survival of the Invasive Browntail Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in Relict North American Populations

  title={Factors Influencing Larval Survival of the Invasive Browntail Moth (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) in Relict North American Populations},
  author={Joseph S. Elkinton and Evan L. Preisser and George H. Boettner and Dylan Parry},
  booktitle={Environmental entomology},
Abstract Scant attention has been paid to invasive species whose range and abundance has decreased after an initial range expansion. One such species is the browntail moth Euproctis chrysorrhoea L, which was discovered in the eastern United States in 1897. Its range expanded until 1914; after 1915, however, its range contracted and now it persists in only two isolated coastal locations. Although a biological control agent has been implicated in this range collapse, cold inland winter… 
The Relative Abundance and Diversity of Parasitoids of the Browntail Moth (Euproctis chrysorrhoea L.) and Factors that Influence Their Population Dynamics
The browntail moth (Euproctis chrysorrhoea L.) is an invasive forest pest that was accidentally introduced to Cambridge, MA in 1897 and caused widespread damage to forests in the early part of the 20
Factors Influencing the Population Fluctuations of Euproctis chrysorrhoea (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) in Maine
Climate trends indicate continued increases in fall temperatures since browntail moth resurgence, and variation in populations throughout infested areas in Maine during three years of the recent outbreak, 2016–2018, relative to differences in weather, parasitism and habitat characteristics.
Winter feeding leads to a shifted phenology in the browntail moth Euproctis chrysorrhoea on the evergreen strawberry tree Arbutus unedo
The results obtained in the present study suggest that E. chrysorrhoea populations are phenologically adapted to their local host plants, and that the presence of foliage is a key element in the phenological shift reported on A. unedo.
Could phenotypic plasticity limit an invasive species? Incomplete reversibility of mid-winter deacclimation in emerald ash borer
Distribution in North America is likely to be limited by the presence of host trees rather than climatic factors, but it is concluded that range extensions of invasive species could be halted if local climatic extremes induce unidirectional plastic responses.
Genetic divergence and evidence for sympatric host-races in the highly polyphagous brown tail moth, Euproctis chrysorrhoea (Lepidoptera: Erebidae)
The data support the existence of host-races of BTM within southern Spain and southern England, where populations from different hosts occur in sympatry.
Transient synchrony among populations of five foliage‐feeding Lepidoptera
Studies of transient population dynamics have largely focused on temporal changes in dynamical behaviour, such as the transition between periods of stability and instability. This study explores a
Quantifying predation on folivorous insect larvae: the perspective of life‐history evolution
Estimates of the daily predation rates experienced by insect larvae feeding on tree leaves or evidence concerning the relationship between predation risk and larval size are provided.
Body size evolution in insects with different colouration strategies: the role of predation risk
This study reviews published studies that yield estimates of the daily predation rates experienced by tree-feeding insect larvae, as well as evidence on the relationship between larval size and predation risk, and concludes that size dependent predation is scarce and further investigation would be welcome.
Providing insights into browntail moth local outbreaks by combining life table data and semi‐parametric statistics
1. Life table studies have been an essential tool for the comprehension of insect population dynamics, although their use has been methodologically biased by a primary focus on mortality factors,


Implicating an introduced generalist parasitoid in the invasive browntail moth's enigmatic demise.
Reanalyzed historical data and experimental findings suggest that parasitism by C. concinnata is the cause of the enigmatic near-extirpation of another of North America's most successful invaders, the browntail moth.
Desiccation survival of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema feltiae : induction of anhydrobiosis
The IS-6 strain was chosen to determine the optimal conditions for induction into, and recovery from, anhydrobiosis, and the poorest tolerance was exhibited by the N8 strain, which was obtained from Germany.
Insects at low temperature: a predictable relationship?
Current ideas on the cold hardiness of temperate insects, the importance of microclimates are outlined, and evidence is presented to show that for some species, the level of winter survival is the primary determinant of their future abundance.
Given their current scale, biotic invasions have taken their place alongside human-driven atmospheric and oceanic alterations as major agents of global change and left unchecked, they will influence these other forces in profound but still unpredictable ways.
Physiological Diversity in Insects: Ecological and Evolutionary Contexts.
Winter foraging patterns and voluntary hypothermia in the social caterpillar Eucheira socialis
1. Analysis of 28 years of weather data for the Sierra Madre Occidentals of Mexico showed that while flight, mating, and oviposition of the social caterpillar Eucheira socialis (Lepidoptera:
Now you See them, Now you don't! – Population Crashes of Established Introduced Species
Except for the few species in which spontaneous collapse has been repeatedly observed, the possibility of such an event is unwarranted as a potential rationale for a do-nothing approach to management.
Studies in Cold Resistance of Insects.
Excessively high temperatures kill insects thus, cocoons of the frit-fly are killed, and estimation may be served in the caterpillars of L oxostege sticicalis in the steppes of the Lower Volga region.
The browntail moth, its caterpillar and their rash
  • S. Alexander
  • Medicine
    Clinical and experimental dermatology
  • 1980
For the last 10 years at Barking Hospital and King George's Hospital, Ilford, I have seen three or fovtr cases each year, until this year when there appears to have been a marked increase and I has seen some sixteen patients with this eruption.