Fact-Checking Polarized Politics: Does The Fact-Check Industry Provide Consistent Guidance on Disputed Realities?

@article{Marietta2015FactCheckingPP,
  title={Fact-Checking Polarized Politics: Does The Fact-Check Industry Provide Consistent Guidance on Disputed Realities?},
  author={Morgan Marietta and David C. Barker and Todd Bowser},
  journal={The Forum},
  year={2015},
  volume={13},
  pages={577 - 596}
}
Abstract In the contemporary political environment of polarized claims about disputed realities, the online fact-check industry was born. These enterprises have received awards and praise but also accusations of bias and error, bringing their methods and conclusions into question. This paper examines the comparative epistemology of the three major fact-check sites: do they examine the same questions and reach the same conclusions? A content analysis of the published fact-checks addressing three… 

Tables from this paper

Fact-Checking Misinformation: Eight Notes on Consensus Reality

TLDR
The article concludes with a discussion on the extent to which fact-checking may be effective in countering the current misinformation landscape in a context where consensus reality has been super-imposed by individual reality.

Taking Fact-Checks Literally But Not Seriously? The Effects of Journalistic Fact-Checking on Factual Beliefs and Candidate Favorability

Are citizens willing to accept journalistic fact-checks of misleading claims from candidates they support and to update their attitudes about those candidates? Previous studies have reached

Fact-Checking: A Meta-Analysis of What Works and for Whom

Despite its growing prominence in news coverage and public discourse, there is still considerable ambiguity regarding when and how fact-checking affects beliefs. Informed by theories of motivated

Fighting Misperceptions and Doubting Journalists’ Objectivity: A Review of Fact-checking Literature

Fact checkers evaluate the truthfulness of political claims appearing in public. The practice has increased enormously in recent years. This review analyses research concerning political

Does truth matter to voters? The effects of correcting political misinformation in an Australian sample

TLDR
Examining the effects of fact-checking in the context of the 2016 US election found that fact-checks of statements by Donald Trump changed participants' beliefs about those statements—regardless of whether participants supported Trump—but not their feelings towards Trump or voting intentions, suggested that a politician's veracity does sometimes matter to voters.

Anatomy of a Fact Check: Objective Practice and the Contested Epistemology of Fact Checking

This article presents a detailed ethnographic account of objective practice among professional fact checkers, reporters who specialize in assessing the truth of political claims. Some critics argue

Can Fact-checking Prevent Politicians from Lying?

Journalists now regularly trumpet fact-checking as an important tool to hold politicians accountable for their public statements, but fact checking’s effect has only been assessed anecdotally and in

Voluntary Exposure to Political Fact Checks

TLDR
It is found that voters are interested in fact-checking, especially for negative campaigns and personal (versus issue) campaigns, and topics salient to voters are most often fact-checked.

Why Doesn't Fact-Checking Work?: The Mis-Framing of Division on Social Media in Japan

With the increasing popularity of fact-checking practices, concerns have grown over fact-checking that is either concentrated on one side of the political spectrum or partisan content masquerading as

The Rise of the Brazilian Fact-checking Movement: Between Economic Sustainability and Editorial Independence

  • T. Lelo
  • Business
    Journalism Studies
  • 2022
ABSTRACT This study addresses the expansion of Brazilian fact-checking enterprises, focusing on their funding sources and challenges to ensure editorial autonomy. The research is mainly grounded in
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 26 REFERENCES

Did Fact Checking Matter in the 2012 Presidential Campaign?

The new media environment raises two questions: Will campaign deceptions have traveled around the web before journalism has the fact-checking in place to ensnare them? And if diligent checking of

The Effect of Fact-Checking on Elites: A Field Experiment on U.S. State Legislators

Does external monitoring improve democratic performance? Fact-checking has come to play an increasingly important role in political coverage in the United States, but some research suggests it may be

Liar, Liar, Pants on Fire: How Fact-Checking Influences Citizens’ Reactions to Negative Advertising

Electoral campaigns are dynamic and an important change in recent elections is the growth of fact-checking; the assessment of the truthfulness of political advertisements by news media organizations

Checking the Fact-Checkers in 2008: Predicting Political Ad Scrutiny and Assessing Consistency

Which types of political ads are most likely to draw criticism from fact-checkers? Are fact-checkers consistent in their evaluations of political ads? Examining general election television ads from

The Epistemology of Fact Checking

ABSTRACT Fact checking has become a prominent facet of political news coverage, but it employs a variety of objectionable methodological practices, such as treating a statement containing multiple

Revisiting the Epistemology of Fact-Checking

ABSTRACT Joseph E. Uscinski and Ryden W. Butler (2013) argue that fact-checking should be condemned to the dustbin of history because the methods fact-checkers use to select statements, consider

DO THE FACTS SPEAK FOR THEMSELVES? PARTISAN DISAGREEMENT AS A CHALLENGE TO DEMOCRATIC COMPETENCE

ABSTRACT The partisan and ideological polarization of American politics since the 1970s appears to have affected pubic opinion in striking ways. The American public has become increasingly partisan

The Epistemology of Fact Checking (Is Still Naìve): Rejoinder to Amazeen

ABSTRACT Michelle Amazeen's rebuttal of Uscinski and Butler 2013 is unsuccessful. Amazeen's attempt to infer the accuracy of fact checks from their agreement with each other fails on its own terms

Beyond the Running Tally: Partisan Bias in Political Perceptions

I examine the impact of long-term partisan loyalties on perceptions of specific political figures and events. In contrast to the notion of partisanship as a simple “running tally” of political

Same Facts, Different Interpretations: Partisan Motivation and Opinion on Iraq

Scholars assume that citizens perform better when they know pertinent facts. Factual beliefs, however, become relevant for political judgments only when people interpret them. Interpretations provide