Corpus ID: 211052963

Fact–Value Conflation and the Study of Intelligence

@inproceedings{Cofnas2015FactValueCA,
  title={Fact–Value Conflation and the Study of Intelligence},
  author={Nathan Cofnas},
  year={2015}
}
Some prominent scientists and philosophers have stated openly that moral and political considerations should influence whether we accept or promulgate scientific theories. This widespread view has significantly influenced the development, and public perception, of intelligence research. Theories related to group differences in intelligence are often rejected a priori on explicitly moral grounds. Thus the idea, frequently expressed by commentators on science, that science is “self-correcting… 
Can intelligence explain the overrepresentation of liberals and leftists in American academia
Abstract It is well known that individuals with so-called liberal or leftist views are overrepresented in American academia. By bringing together data on American academics, the general population
How Stifling Debate Around Race, Genes and IQ Can Do Harm
It is often asserted that, when it comes to taboo topics like race, genes and IQ, scholars should be held to higher evidentiary standards or even censored entirely because of the harm that might
What Do Undergraduates Learn About Human Intelligence? An Analysis of Introductory Psychology Textbooks
Human intelligence is an important construct in psychology, with far-reaching implications, providing insights into fields as diverse as neurology, international development, and sociology.
Race , Eugenics , and the Holocaust
  • 2021
This chapter will focus on how the Holocaust shaped the concepts of race and eugenics in bioethics. I’ll begin with a brief account of how these terms were used before the Second World War, and then
Defending eugenics
TLDR
It is becoming increasingly difficult to justify rolling the genetic dice by having children without thinking about the traits they will have, and it is time to face up to the awesome responsibilities that accompany the authors' reproductive choices.
Between- Group Mean Differences in Intelligence in the United States Are >0% Genetically Caused: Five Converging Lines of Evidence
The past 30 years of research in intelligence has produced a wealth of knowledge about the causes and consequences of differences in intelligence between individuals, and today mainstream opinion is

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 66 REFERENCES
An argument about free inquiry
In the mid- 1970s, a group of scholars, including prominent biologists as well as academics from other disciplines, wrote scathing indictments of conclusions they claimed to find in E.O. Wilson's
Science’s Immunity to Moral Refutation
Our moral convictions cannot, on the face of it, count in evidence against scientific claims with which they happen to conflict. Moral anti-realists of whatever stripe can explain this easily:
The IQ Controversy, the Media and Public Policy
Questions about the nature of intelligence and intelligence testing have sparked increasing controversy during the past two decades. The widely held view that intelligence is measureable, and both
Evolutionary Theory and the Social uses of Biology
Stephen Jay Gould is rightly remembered for many different kinds of contributions to our intellectual life. I focus on his criticisms of uses of evolutionary ideas to defend inegalitarian doctrines
Resolute ignorance on race and Rushton
Abstract I review Rushton’s research on the evolutionary divergence of the three major human lineages. His life-history theory predicts, and his multiple analyses document, a consistent three-way
The heritability hang-up
TLDR
The nature-nurture issue has provided some of the most keenly contested debates in the fields of biology, psychology, sociology, and physics during the past 5 years because of Jensen's contention that, since inequalities in cognitive performance are largely genetic in origin, environmental intervention through educational or social innovations will be of minimal value in reducing these inequalities.
Book Review: Buller Does to Evolutionary Psychology What Kitcher Did to Sociobiology
Just as Kitcher's Vaulting Ambition (1985) tried to undermine the paradigm of sociobiology, so David Buller attempts to undermine the paradigm of evolutionary psychology. This book, also written by a
Science and politics: Dangerous liaisons
SummaryIn contrast to the opinion of numerous authors (e.g. R. Rudner, P. Kitcher, L. R. Graham, M. Dummett, N. Chomsky, R. Lewontin, etc.) it is argued here that the formation of opinion in science
There are no public-policy implications: A reply to Rushton and Jensen (2005).
J. P. Rushton and A. R. Jensen (2005) purport to show public-policy implications arising from their analysis of alleged genetic bases for group mean differences in IQ. This article argues that none
Searching for justice: The discovery of IQ gains over time.
Humane-egalitarian ideals, whose aims are group justice and reducing environmental inequality and privilege, must be tested against reality, as revealed by psychology and other social sciences. Four
...
1
2
3
4
5
...