• Corpus ID: 211052963

Fact–Value Conflation and the Study of Intelligence

  title={Fact–Value Conflation and the Study of Intelligence},
  author={Nathan Cofnas},
Some prominent scientists and philosophers have stated openly that moral and political considerations should influence whether we accept or promulgate scientific theories. This widespread view has significantly influenced the development, and public perception, of intelligence research. Theories related to group differences in intelligence are often rejected a priori on explicitly moral grounds. Thus the idea, frequently expressed by commentators on science, that science is “self-correcting… 

Does Activism in Social Science Explain Conservatives’ Distrust of Scientists?

Data from the General Social Survey suggest that conservatives have become less trustful of scientists since the 1970s. Gauchat argues that this is because conservatives increasingly see scientific

How Stifling Debate Around Race, Genes and IQ Can Do Harm

It is often asserted that, when it comes to taboo topics like race, genes and IQ, scholars should be held to higher evidentiary standards or even censored entirely because of the harm that might

What Do Undergraduates Learn About Human Intelligence? An Analysis of Introductory Psychology Textbooks

Human intelligence is an important construct in psychology, with far-reaching implications, providing insights into fields as diverse as neurology, international development, and sociology.

Race , Eugenics , and the Holocaust

  • Political Science
  • 2021
This chapter will focus on how the Holocaust shaped the concepts of race and eugenics in bioethics. I’ll begin with a brief account of how these terms were used before the Second World War, and then

Between-Group Mean Differences in Intelligence in the United States Are >0% Genetically Caused: Five Converging Lines of Evidence

The past 30 years of research in intelligence has produced a wealth of knowledge about the causes and consequences of differences in intelligence between individuals, and today mainstream opinion

Defending eugenics

  • Jonathan Anomaly
  • Biology
    Monash bioethics review
  • 2018
It is becoming increasingly difficult to justify rolling the genetic dice by having children without thinking about the traits they will have, and it is time to face up to the awesome responsibilities that accompany the authors' reproductive choices.



An argument about free inquiry

In the mid- 1970s, a group of scholars, including prominent biologists as well as academics from other disciplines, wrote scathing indictments of conclusions they claimed to find in E.O. Wilson's

Science’s Immunity to Moral Refutation

Our moral convictions cannot, on the face of it, count in evidence against scientific claims with which they happen to conflict. Moral anti-realists of whatever stripe can explain this easily:

The IQ Controversy, the Media and Public Policy

Questions about the nature of intelligence and intelligence testing have sparked increasing controversy during the past two decades. The widely held view that intelligence is measureable, and both

Evolutionary Theory and the Social uses of Biology

Stephen Jay Gould is rightly remembered for many different kinds of contributions to our intellectual life. I focus on his criticisms of uses of evolutionary ideas to defend inegalitarian doctrines

The heritability hang-up

The nature-nurture issue has provided some of the most keenly contested debates in the fields of biology, psychology, sociology, and physics during the past 5 years because of Jensen's contention that, since inequalities in cognitive performance are largely genetic in origin, environmental intervention through educational or social innovations will be of minimal value in reducing these inequalities.

Science and politics: Dangerous liaisons

SummaryIn contrast to the opinion of numerous authors (e.g. R. Rudner, P. Kitcher, L. R. Graham, M. Dummett, N. Chomsky, R. Lewontin, etc.) it is argued here that the formation of opinion in science

There are no public-policy implications: A reply to Rushton and Jensen (2005).

J. P. Rushton and A. R. Jensen (2005) purport to show public-policy implications arising from their analysis of alleged genetic bases for group mean differences in IQ. This article argues that none

Searching for justice: The discovery of IQ gains over time.

Humane-egalitarian ideals, whose aims are group justice and reducing environmental inequality and privilege, must be tested against reality, as revealed by psychology and other social sciences. Four

The Apportionment of Human Diversity

It has always been obvious that organisms vary, even to those pre-Darwinian idealists who saw most individual variation as distorted shadows of an ideal. It has been equally apparent, even to those

The Bell Curve

As a critique of The Bell Curve, this article briefly explores ideas about intelligence, “race,” and the relationship of those ideas to the place of Blacks in America's political economy. The