Facilitating Innovation in Diverse Science Teams Through Integrative Capacity

  title={Facilitating Innovation in Diverse Science Teams Through Integrative Capacity},
  author={Maritza Salazar and Theresa K. Lant and Stephen M. Fiore and Eduardo Salas},
  journal={Small Group Research},
  pages={527 - 558}
Knowledge integration in diverse teams depends on their integrative capacity—the social and cognitive processes, along with emergent states, that shape a team’s ability to combine diverse knowledge. We argue that integrative capacity represents the potential that a team has to overcome various compositional, team, and contextual barriers to generating integrated and novel knowledge. This article focuses specifically on the unique challenges facing diverse science teams that have the goal of… 

Figures from this paper

Leader Integrative Capabilities: A Catalyst for Effective Interdisciplinary Teams
This chapter adds to a growing body of literature that seeks to understand the role of leaders in disciplinary diverse teams, and extends research that documents the importance of leaders for
Interdisciplinarity and Team Innovation: The Role of Team Experiential and Relational Resources
Interdisciplinary teams composed of members with different expertise possess a variety of perspectives, which increases their potential for innovation. In reality, team members often fail to
The collaboration capability of global virtual teams: relationships with functional diversity, absorptive capacity, and innovation
Abstract Global virtual teams (GVTs) are increasingly utilized in industry given their ability to bring together diverse knowledge and experience from individuals who are not geographically proximal.
Addressing the paradox of the team innovation process: A review and practical considerations.
The purpose of this review is to provide insight into the unique context that teams function within and provide an integrative, evidence-based, and practically useful, organizing heuristic that focuses on the most important considerations for facilitating team innovation.
Interdisciplinary Team Science and the Public: Steps Toward a Participatory Team Science
It is argued that contemporary changes in how science is understood and practiced offer an opportunity to reconsider engaging the public as active participants on teams and coin the term participatory team science to describe public engagement in team science.
Team Science, Justice, and the Co-Production of Knowledge.
  • J. Tebes
  • Medicine, Sociology
    American journal of community psychology
  • 2018
It is discussed how constructivism offers a common philosophical foundation for both community psychology and team science, and how this foundation aligns well with contemporary developments in science that emphasize the co-production of knowledge.
Shared Authentic Leadership in Research Teams: Testing a Multiple Mediation Model
While teams with high trust and SMM felt more successful and were more satisfied, they were less successful in publishing in high-impact journals and found the four SAL dimensions to associate differently with team effectiveness.
The Effect of Team Communication Behaviors and Processes on Interdisciplinary Teams' Research Productivity and Team Satisfaction
This study uses the Inputs-Mediator-Outputs-Inputs- inputs (IMOI) model as a blueprint for an investigation into how team communication processes influence intermediary team processes and team outcomes.
Evidence-Based Principles and Strategies for Optimizing Team Functioning and Performance in Science Teams
The functioning and effectiveness of small groups and work teams have been a focus of research in psychology, management, and organizational science for well over 60 years. There is a wealth of
Learning to be an interdisciplinary researcher: incorporating training about dispositional and epistemological differences into graduate student environmental science teams
The interdisciplinary research (IR) that is necessary for the creation of innovative solutions for the many complex environmental challenges facing society requires collaboration and the sharing and


A Social-Cognitive Framework of Multidisciplinary Team Innovation
This work focuses on the effects of a particularly challenging social factor, knowledge diversity, which has a history of mixed effects on creativity, most likely because those effects are mediated and moderated by cognitive and additional social variables.
Research team integration: what it is and why it matters
This work describes researchers' experiences and research climates that discouraged or encouraged integration, and implications for policy choices and design include changes in team structuring and technology support.
The ecology of team science: understanding contextual influences on transdisciplinary collaboration.
A typology of contextual influences on transdisciplinary collaboration is proposed as a basis for deriving practical guidelines for designing, managing, and evaluating successful team science initiatives.
Enhancing transdisciplinary research through collaborative leadership.
  • B. Gray
  • Sociology, Medicine
    American journal of preventive medicine
  • 2008
This paper explores the challenges inherent in leading transdisciplinary projects, detailing the critical roles that leaders play in shepherding transdisciplinary scientific endeavors, and proposes social-network analysis as a useful tool for conducting research on leadership.
Integrating Knowledge in Groups: How Formal Interventions Enable Flexibility
Overall, this study identifies simple structures, interruptions, and time pacing as central to the emerging concept of group flexibility by which members enhance their performance on novel and/or ambiguous tasks.
Moving the science of team science forward: collaboration and creativity.
A call to action is made to leaders from the research, funding, and practice sectors to embrace strategies of creativity and innovation in a collective effort to move the field forward, which may not only advance the science of team science but, ultimately, public health science and practice.
Collaborative Research Across Disciplinary and Organizational Boundaries
Scientific and engineering research increasingly involves multidisciplinary collaboration, sometimes across multiple organizations. Technological advances have made such cross-boundary projects
Employing Philosophical Dialogue in Collaborative Science
ABSTRACT Integrated research across disciplines is required to address many of the pressing environmental problems facing human societies. Often the integration involves disparate disciplines,
A Dynamic Theory of Organizational Knowledge Creation
This paper proposes a paradigm for managing the dynamic aspects of organizational knowledge creating processes. Its central theme is that organizational knowledge is created through a continuous
Representational gaps, information processing, and conflict in functionally diverse teams
Functional diversity in teams, while potentially beneficial, increases the likelihood that individual team members will perceive the team's task differently, leading to gaps between teammates'