Facilitated diffusion buffers noise in gene expression.

@article{Schoech2014FacilitatedDB,
  title={Facilitated diffusion buffers noise in gene expression.},
  author={Armin P. Schoech and Nicolae Radu Zabet},
  journal={Physical review. E, Statistical, nonlinear, and soft matter physics},
  year={2014},
  volume={90 3},
  pages={032701}
}
Transcription factors perform facilitated diffusion [three-dimensional (3D) diffusion in the cytosol and 1D diffusion on the DNA] when binding to their target sites to regulate gene expression. Here, we investigated the influence of this binding mechanism on the noise in gene expression. Our results showed that, for biologically relevant parameters, the binding process can be represented by a two-state Markov model and that the accelerated target finding due to facilitated diffusion leads to a… CONTINUE READING
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