Facilitated Communication and Authorship: A Systematic Review

  title={Facilitated Communication and Authorship: A Systematic Review},
  author={Ralf W. Schlosser and Susan Balandin and Bronwyn Hemsley and Teresa Iacono and Paul Probst and Stephen von Tetzchner},
  journal={Augmentative and Alternative Communication},
  pages={359 - 368}
Abstract Facilitated Communication (FC) is a technique whereby individuals with disabilities and communication impairments allegedly select letters by typing on a keyboard while receiving physical support, emotional encouragement, and other communication supports from facilitators. The validity of FC stands or falls on the question of who is authoring the typed messages – the individual with a disability or the facilitator. The International Society for Augmentative and Alternative… Expand
Systematic review of facilitated communication 2014–2018 finds no new evidence that messages delivered using facilitated communication are authored by the person with disability
Background and aims Facilitated Communication (FC) is a technique that involves a person with a disability pointing to letters, pictures, or objects on a keyboard or on a communication board,Expand
Evidence of Authorship on Messages in Facilitated Communication: A Case Report Using Accelerometry
A 17-year-old boy diagnosed with congenital deafness, ASD, and developmental delay, and his facilitator, were equipped with small accelerometers fixed on their index finger, aimed at transforming index acceleration along the three spatial axes into electric signals. Expand
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The current review aimed to synthesize the barriers and facilitators to the provision and use of low-tech and unaided AAC systems, which may contribute to the inadequate use of these systems by people with complex communication needs. Expand
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A mega-review of literature reviews, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses on interventions using aided augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) interventions for children with intellectual and developmental disabilities from 2000 to mid-2020 was conducted. Expand
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Overall, communication partner interventions were found to be highly effective across a range of participants using AAC, intervention approaches, and outcome measure characteristics, with more evidence available for participants less than 12 years of age. Expand
Augmentative and Alternative Communication – Scoping Review / Unterstützte Kommunikation – Scoping Review
Abstract Introduction The effective use of Augmentative and Alternative Communication is challenging, not only for persons with complex communication needs, but also for their significant others.Expand
Parent-mediated communication interventions for improving the communication skills of preschool children with non-progressive motor disorders.
There is only limited, very low quality evidence that parent-mediated communication interventions may be associated with improvements in interaction between mothers and their preschool children who have motor disorders. Expand
The role of augmentative and alternative communication for children with autism: current status and future trends
There is growing evidence for the potential benefits of AAC for children with autism, but there is a need for more well-designed studies and broader, targeted outcomes. Expand
The Voices of Typers: Examining the Educational Experiences of Individuals Who Use Facilitated Communication
As the number of students with autism grows, professionals must find ways to understand how to best educate this student population. Although current research addresses teaching students with autism,Expand
Standards of Proof
TASH’s historic commitment to advocacy and science has enabled it to be a trusted voice for people with severe disabilities and their families. We review recent developments in the controversy overExpand


How Teachers Confirm the Authorship of Facilitated Communication: A Portfolio Approach
Facilitated communication has been characterized as an alternative to speech that involves providing physical and emotional support to individuals with severe communication impairments as they typeExpand
Facilitated communication and autistic children: the problem of authorship
This paper explores the authorship of the written production of children with autism who need to be physically and emotionally supported by a competent interlocutor in order to communicate.Expand
Facilitated Communication: Results from a Number of Recently Published Evaluations
Facilitated Communication (FC) is a said by its proponents to allow people thought previously to have little or no expressive language to communicate in sometimes sophisticated ways about themselves,Expand
Brief report: A controlled evaluation of facilitated communication using open-ended and fill-in questions
  • M. Cabay
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 1994
This investigation attempts to determine if responses produced by children with autism using facilitated communication techniques are actually authentic communications from the autistic child orExpand
An experiential account of facilitated communication
Despite overwhelming evidence negating the validity of Facilitated Communication (FC), this thoroughly discredited technique continues to be promoted and practiced, with sadly tragic consequences.Expand
Brief report: A case study assessing the validity of facilitated communication
Facilitated communication is a term that has evolved to describe the process by which a disabled person is physically assisted by another person to communicate using a mechanical device. 2 The deviceExpand
Brief report: Facilitator-suggested conversational evaluation of facilitated communication
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Multiple method validation study of facilitated communication: II. Individual differences and subgroup results
An “abdication” pattern of responding was found for some students, in which high performance observed with independent responding was lessened on trials when FC was introduced, suggesting these students may become more passive communicators when FC is used. Expand
Authorship in Facilitated Communication: An Analysis of 11 Cases
Analysis of the authorship of messages produced through facilitated communication for all users of FC in two comprehensive schools in a small city in Finland revealed a large degree of facilitator influence on the content of the messages produced. Expand
An experimental analysis of facilitated communication.
Evaluated the authorship of messages produced through facilitated communication by 7 adults with moderate or severe mental retardation and their facilitators showed that the clients typed the correct answer only when the facilitator had access to the same information. Expand