Facial profile and frontal changes after bimaxillary surgery in patients with mandibular prognathism.

Abstract

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Patients are always concerned about their postoperative appearance before surgery for facial deformity correction. The present study investigated the facial profile and frontal changes following two-jaw surgery. METHODS Forty patients who underwent two-jaw surgery were divided by the amount of mandibular setback (group I: ≤8 mm and group II: >8 mm). Cephalometric radiograms (lateral and frontal) were collected and analyzed at three intervals: preoperatively (T1), immediately postoperatively (T2), and final follow-up (T3). The following points were identified: cheek points (C1-C5), pronasale (Prn, tip of the nose), anterior nasal spine (ANS), subnasal (Sn), point A, labrale superius (Ls), incision superius (Is), labrale inferius (Li), incision inferius (Ii), point B, labiomental sulcus (Si), pogonion (Pog), soft tissue pogonion (PogS), ramus point (RP), and gonion (Go). The immediate postoperative changes (T21), final postoperative changes (T32), and final stability (T31) were calculated and analyzed. RESULTS In T31, the cheek line showed significant advancements of 2.3 mm (group I) and 1.6 mm (group II). The soft:hard tissue ratios were significantly correlated: Prn:ANS (0.37:1), Prn:A (0.39:1), Sn:A (0.85:1), C3:A (0.82:1), Ls:Is (0.92:1), Li:Ii (0.91:1), Si:B (0.88:1), and PogS:Pog (group I, 0.78:1 and group II, 0.93:1). The intercondylion and intergonial widths of group II (T31) significantly increased 1.8 and 4 mm, respectively. Regarding the postoperative skeletal stability (T32), group I showed significant correlations between amounts of mandibular setback, but group II did not. CONCLUSION In the facial profile, the cheek line showed significant advancement postoperatively. The frontal mandibular transverse dimensions were significantly increased.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jfma.2017.08.009

Cite this paper

@article{Chen2017FacialPA, title={Facial profile and frontal changes after bimaxillary surgery in patients with mandibular prognathism.}, author={Chun-Ming Chen and Michael Yuan-Chien Chen and Jung-Hsuan Cheng and Kwei-Jing Chen and Yu-Chuan Tseng}, journal={Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi}, year={2017} }