Facial paralysis in lyme disease

  title={Facial paralysis in lyme disease},
  author={Jane R. Clark and Roy D. Carlson and Andrew R. Pachner and Clarence T. Sasaki and Allen C. Steere},
  journal={The Laryngoscope},
Lyme disease is a multisystemic illness caused by a tick‐borne spirochete. Once considered unique to the Connecticut coastline, thousands of cases are now documented throughout the United States, northern Europe, and Australia. 

Borreliosis (Lyme Disease)

Lyme disease typically begins with EM, a sign of localized infection (stage 1), followed thereafter by disseminated (stage 2) and persistent (stage 3) infection if untreated.

Selected arthropod-borne diseases. Plague, Lyme disease, and babesiosis.

  • C. Ryan
  • Medicine
    The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
  • 1987

Cutaneous and systemic Lyme disease

The diagnostic detection methods for this organism in skin biopsies have recently been improved with focus ‘floating microscopy’ and allowed the reliable detection of spirochetes in other ‘non classical’ skin disorders.

Characteristics and outcome of facial nerve palsy from Lyme neuroborreliosis in the United States

This study aimed to describe features of patients with early LNB presenting with facial palsy and to determine if corticosteroids in addition to antibiotic therapy was associated with unfavorable outcome.

Nervous system Lyme disease.

  • J. Halperin
  • Medicine
    Infectious disease clinics of North America
  • 2008

Simultaneous palsy of facial and vestibular nerve in a child with Lyme borreliosis

We describe a boy with borreliosis characterized by lymphocytic meningitis and simultaneous palsy of facial and vestibular nerves on the left side. A mild sensoneural affection was also confirmed by

Antibiotic treatment of Lyme borreliosis: what is the evidence?

Antibiotic treatment of all disease manifestations after infection with Borrelia sensu lato spp aims at resolving the presenting disease manifestation and preventing late stage disease. The goals are

Lyme disease: clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment.

  • D. Rahn
  • Medicine
    Seminars in arthritis and rheumatism
  • 1991



Cases of Lyme disease in the United States: locations correlated with distribution of Ixodes dammini.

The implicated tick, saved by six patients in the Northeast, was identified as nymphal I. dammini, a distribution that correlates closely with that of Ixodes dammini in the first two areas and with Ixode pacificus in the last.

The triad of neurologic manifestations of Lyme disease

Although sometimes incomplete, the triad of neurologic manifestations of Lyme disease— meningitis, cranial neuritis, and radiculoneuritis—presents a unique clinical picture.

The global distribution of Lyme disease.

  • G. Schmid
  • Medicine, Biology
    Reviews of infectious diseases
  • 1985
The recognition of cases acquired in widely separated parts of the world involving multiple vectors suggests that cases may in the future be diagnosed in additional areas, including the coastal areas of the Northeast and Midwest and Ixodes pacificus in the West.

The clinical spectrum and treatment of Lyme disease.

For patients with early Lyme disease, tetracycline appears to be the most effective drug, then penicillin, and finally erythromycin, which is effective for the later stages of the disease.

The spirochetal etiology of Lyme disease.

It is concluded that the I. dammini spirochete is the causative agent of Lyme disease and nymphal or adult lxodes dammini ticks in Connecticut.

Tick-borne meningopolyneuritis (Garin-Bujadoux, Bannwarth).

The outcome was favorable in all cases, and occurred faster with antibiotic treatment, but a few patients had slight residual peripheral nervous system deficits.

The early clinical manifestations of Lyme disease.

Patients with Lyme disease sometimes had evidence of meningeal irritation, mild encephalopathy, migratory musculoskeletal pain, hepatitis, generalized lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly, sore throat, nonproductive cough, or testicular swelling, and signs and symptoms were typically intermittent and changing during a period of several weeks.

Erythema chronicum migrans and Lyme arthritis. The enlarging clinical spectrum.

Thirty-two patients with the onset of erythema chronicum migrans, Lyme arthritis, or both in mid-1976 were studied prospectively, and the diagnostic marker is the skin lesion.

Lyme arthritis: an epidemic of oligoarticular arthritis in children and adults in three connecticut communities.

"Lynne arthritis" is thought to be a previously unrecognized clinical entity, the epidemiology of which suggests transmission by an arthropod vector.

Lyme carditis: cardiac abnormalities of Lyme disease.

The clinical picture in patients with cardiac involvement of Lyme disease has similarities to acute rheumatic fever; but in Lyme disease, complete heart block may be commoner, myopericardial involvement tends to be milder, and valves seem not to be affected.