Facets of autobiographical memory in adolescents with major depressive disorder and never‐depressed controls

  title={Facets of autobiographical memory in adolescents with major depressive disorder and never‐depressed controls},
  author={Willem Kuyken and Rachael Howell},
  journal={Cognition and Emotion},
  pages={466 - 487}
Adolescence is a crucial developmental window because it involves elaboration of the self‐concept, the laying down of lifelong autobiographical memories, and the development of emotional resilience during a time of substantial risk for mood problems. Autobiographical memory retrieval plays an important role in depression both in adults (van Vreeswijk & de Wilde, 2004) and adolescents (Kuyken, Howell, & Dalgleish, 2005; Park, Goodyer, & Teasdale, 2002). This study examined facets of… 
Overgeneral autobiographical memory in adolescents at risk for depression
Two studies show that risk for depression is associated with a greater tendency to retrieve categoric memories to negative cue words and suggest that autobiographical retrieval may be implicated in onset of depression in adolescence.
Remembering as an observer: How is autobiographical memory retrieval vantage perspective linked to depression?
The tendency to retrieve observer perspective memories was associated with greater negative self-evaluation, lower dispositional mindfulness, and greater use of avoidance, and participants who recalled more field perspective memories at pre- treatment had lower levels of post-treatment depression, controlling for pre-treatment levels of depression and trait rumination.
The relationship between borderline symptoms and vantage perspective during autobiographical memory retrieval in a community sample
The data suggest the existence of substantial connections between perspective taking during recall and interpersonal difficulties and anxious-neurotic symptoms on the other hand, especially following cues that tap into domains that are highly discrepant towards one’s actual self-concept.
Field perspective deficit for positive memories characterizes autobiographical memory in euthymic depressed patients.
Autobiographical episodic memory in major depressive disorder.
A specific impairment of episodic autobiographical memory in depression that is not fully accounted for by domain-general processes involved in strategic retrieval is suggested.
Reduced Specificity of Autobiographical Memory in Traumatized Adolescents: Exploring the Contributions of Impaired Executive Control and Affect Regulation
Reduced specificity of autobiographical memories retrieved to word cues on the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) associated with increased posttraumatic stress in traumatized samples has been
Dysphoric students show higher use of the observer perspective in their retrieval of positive versus negative autobiographical memories
Comparisons with non-dysphoric individuals revealed that dysphoric students used an observer perspective more for positive memories compared with negative memories, but not for negative memories.
Do depressive symptoms and subjective well-being influence the valence or visual perspective of autobiographical memories in young adults?
It is found that the valence of neutral cued memories were significantly negatively associated with depressive symptoms and negative affect, and significantly positively associated with life satisfaction, even after controlling for current mood.


Specificity of autobiographical memory and mood disturbance in adolescents
The difficulty in retrieving specific memories to cue words on the autobiographical memory test has been found to be associated with a number of psychiatric disorders: depression, PTSD,
Autobiographical Memory Specificity and Trauma in Inpatient Adolescents
  • A. De Decker, D. Hermans, F. Raes, P. Eelen
  • Psychology
    Journal of clinical child and adolescent psychology : the official journal for the Society of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, American Psychological Association, Division 53
  • 2003
Higher levels of trauma were shown to be associated with reduced autobiographical memory specificity (AM), which is reconcilable with Williams' (1996) developmental idea that a pattern of overgeneral AM retrieval originates in childhood trauma as a way of regulating affect.
Categoric overgeneral autobiographical memory in adolescents with major depressive disorder
In adolescents, increased categoric overgeneral memory is associated with, but not specific to first episode MDD, and positive categoric memories are also increased in fully remitted MDD as compared to controls.
Trauma and autobiographical memory specificity in depressed inpatients.
Effects of induced rumination and distraction on mood and overgeneral autobiographical memory in adolescent Major Depressive Disorder and controls.
The results suggest that rumination has a deleterious effect on mood and memory retrieval processes in adolescents with first episode Major Depressive Disorder, and imply that strategies to interrupt ruminative processes may be helpful in minimising persistence of first episode MDD in adolescence.
Depression and memory narrative type.
The hedonic bias in memory is explored through collection of written autobiographical memories from 90 nonclinical college students whose mood was assessed for depression.
Autobiographical memory functioning in depression and reports of early abuse.
The authors investigated the memory functioning of depressed women patients with and without a reported history of child physical or sexual abuse using J. G. Williams and K. Broadbent's Autobiographical Memory Test, finding patients who reported childhood sexual abuse produced more overgeneral memories to positive and negative cues.
Ruminative self-focus and autobiographical memory