Face transplants as surgical acts and psychosocial processes

  title={Face transplants as surgical acts and psychosocial processes},
  author={Fay Bound Alberti},
  journal={The Lancet},
Facial Nerve Revascularization Strategies in Facial Restoration
VNFs are separate entities from standard free flaps, as they require extensive preoperative planning to allow the deconstructing of composite blocks of tissue into separate vascularized entities and amalgamating them into a new conglomerate.
‘A Procedure Without a Problem’, or the face transplant that didn’t happen. The Royal Free, the Royal College of Surgeons and the challenge of surgical firsts
The lack of a face transplant in the UK is explained and draws attention to the complex emotional, institutional and international issues involved and has implications beyond the theme of face transplants, into the cultural contexts and practices in which surgical innovation takes place.
Central importance of emotional and quality-of-life outcomes in the public's perception of face transplantation.
The public perceive emotional and psychological outcomes as equally as important as, or more important than, surgical outcomes when determining the appropriateness of face transplantation.
Limitations and limits and of vascularized composite allotransplantations: can we reach the holy grail?
Defining the limits and limitations of given procedures will not only allow for better preparation of transplant teams but will also help in determining the direction of future research.
Costimulation Blockade in Vascularized Composite Allotransplantation
Current literature about the role of costimulation blockade, with a focus on belatacept in VCA, seems a promising drug that prolongs patient and graft survival in kidney transplantation and it could also be an alternative approach to VCA immunosuppression.


From Face/Off to the face race: the case of Isabelle Dinoire and the future of the face transplant.
Using medical and media reports and examining the gendering of clinical and patient narratives, this article argues there needs to be a look again at face transplants and their motivation for individuals as well as society.