Fabrication of biochars obtained from valorization of biowaste and evaluation of its physicochemical properties.

Abstract

This study investigated the yields and the physicochemical properties of biochar from three different feedstocks viz., i) bioenergy byproducts (deoiled cakes of Jatropha carcus and Pongamia glabra), ii) lignocellulose biomass (Jatropha carcus seed cover), and iii) a noxious weed (Parthenium hysterophorus), obtained through slow pyrolysis at a heating rate of 40°Cmin-1 with a nitrogen flow 100mlmin-1 at a temperature range of 350-650°C. For successful utilization of biochar for C-sequestration, its ability to resist abiotic or biotic degradation was deduced from recalcitrance index R50 by using TG analysis. It was observed that the biochar produced at higher temperature had higher water holding capacity (WHC) and pH, suggesting its suitability as an amendment in soil with low water retention capacity; thus biochar may be designed to selectively improve soil chemical and physical properties by altering feedstocks and pyrolysis conditions. Biochar produced at 650°C had highest yield in the range of 28.52-39.9 wt.%.

DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.04.050

Cite this paper

@article{Narzari2017FabricationOB, title={Fabrication of biochars obtained from valorization of biowaste and evaluation of its physicochemical properties.}, author={Rumi Narzari and Neonjyoti Bordoloi and Banashree Sarma and Lina Gogoi and Nirmali Gogoi and Bikram Borkotoki and Rupam Kataki}, journal={Bioresource technology}, year={2017}, volume={242}, pages={324-328} }