Fabrication of Novel Superhydrophobic Surfaces and Water Droplet Bouncing Behavior — Part 1: Stable ZnO–PDMS Superhydrophobic Surface with Low Hysteresis Constructed Using ZnO Nanoparticles

Abstract

A superhydrophobic surface has many advantages in micro/nanomechanical applications, such as low adhesion, low friction and high restitution coefficient, etc. In this paper, we introduce a novel and simple route to fabricate superhydrophobic surfaces using ZnO nanocrystals. First, tetrapod-like ZnO nanocrystals were prepared via a one-step, direct chemical vapor deposition (CVD) approach. The nanostructured ZnO material was characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the surface functionalized by aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APS) was found to be hydrophobic. Then the superhydrophobic surface was constructed by depositing uniformly ZnO hydrophobic nanoparticles (HNPs) on the Poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) film substrate. Water wettability study revealed a contact angle of 155.4± 2◦ for the superhydrophobic surface while about 110◦ for pure smooth PDMS films. The hysteresis was quite low, only 3.1 ± 0.3◦. Microscopic observations showed that the surface was covered by microand nano-scale ZnO particles. Compared to other approaches, this method is rather convenient and can be used to obtain a large area superhydrophobic surface. The high contact angle and low hysteresis could be attributed to the micro/nano structures of ZnO material; besides, the superhydrophobic property of the as-constructed ZnO–PDMS surface could be maintained for at least 6 months. © Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2010

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Wang2010FabricationON, title={Fabrication of Novel Superhydrophobic Surfaces and Water Droplet Bouncing Behavior — Part 1: Stable ZnO–PDMS Superhydrophobic Surface with Low Hysteresis Constructed Using ZnO Nanoparticles}, author={Bin-bin Wang and Jiang-Tao Feng and Tongxi Yu}, year={2010} }