author={E mile Durkheim},
  journal={The New Economic Sociology}
  • E. Durkheim
  • Published 1 July 1996
  • Sociology
  • The New Economic Sociology
'If religion generated everything that is essential in society, this is because the idea of society is the soul of religion.' In The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (1912), Emile Durkheim set himself the task of discovering the enduring source of human social identity. He investigated what he considered to be the simplest form of documented religion - totemism among the Aborigines of Australia. Aboriginal religion was an avenue 'to yield an understanding of the religious nature of man, by… 
Towards a radical sociology of religion
At the beginning of the 20th century Max Weber and the other founders of sociology believed that, in the face of the onward march of rationalisation, known religion as a constitutive element of
INeither history nor anthropology knows of societies from which religion has been totally absent, and even those modern states that have attempted to abolish religion have replaced it with beliefs
From the Natural Self-Orgnizaton of Religion to the Modern Magical Realism of the Religious Experience
Religion is a powerful phenomenon arising in and from society. Various efforts have been done to understand religion as a natural phenomenon, which could be framed in the language of science. In this
The End of Life, The Ends of Life: An Anthropological View
Anthropologists study the diversity of religious systems, present and past, in order to understand what is common to humanity and identify patterns in the evolution of human thinking about the reality of physical death.
Durkheim's Early Sociology of Religion*
Opposing the widespread view that Durkheim did not become interested in religion until 1895, this paper explores the complex theory of religion that is presented in the articles Durkheim published
The Role of Religion in Legitimating the Modern Structuration of Society 1
Religion is generally regarded as an issue of minor importance in the sociological study of the modern Nordic countries. But this position is based on a narrow, church-oriented concept of religion.
Religion, Culture and Society in the ‘Information Age’
In some forms of sociology, "culture" has come to replace "society" as the central object of study. This has encouraged an epistemological relativism that overrides a proper engagement with human
Religion, Habitat, and Cosmos
Religions, as Stuart-Glennie conceived it, is rooted in intuitions and conceptions of causation, developed out of relations to the physical and social environments. This starting point allowed a
Darwin's Cathedral: Evolution, Religion, and the Nature of Society
David Sloan Wilson's "Darwin's Cathedral" takes the radical step of joining the two, in the process proposing an evolutionary theory of religion that shakes both evolutionary biology and social theory at their foundations.
The Identity Model of Religion: How It Compares with Nine Other Theories of Religion and How It Might Apply to Japan
The identity model of religion attempts to provide a comprehensive, social scientific accounting scheme covering a large variety of data from both ancient and modem religions. Rather ambitiously, it