author={Kristin G. Esterberg},
  journal={Gender \& Society},
  pages={424 - 443}
The gay and lesbian liberation movement and its predecessor, the homophile movement that originated in the 1950s, have been relatively little studied by sociologists; yet theories of ethnic mobilization, especially competition theory, help us to understand the mobilization of lesbians and gay men. At the same time, lesbian/gay social movement activity provides an important critique of social movement theories. This article focuses on the Daughters of Bilitis (DOB), a homophile organization for… 

Becoming Gay: The Formation and Meaning of LGBT Political Identity

Data suggest that there are at least 11 million lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people in the United States. Further, evidence demonstrates that there is a “sexuality gap” (Hertzog

A history of lesbian politics and the psy professions

This article explores the relationship between lesbian activists and the “psy professions” in England from the 1960s to the 1980s, and describes three key strategies used within the lesbian movement to contest psycho-pathologisation during this 30-year period.

The “Dallas Way” in the Gayborhood: The Creation of a Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Community in Dallas, Texas, 1965-1986

This thesis describes the creation of the gay and lesbian community in Dallas, the fourth largest metropolitan area in the United States. Employing more than seventy-five sources, this work

Educating the “Variant,” Educating the Public: Gender and the Rhetoric of Legitimation in The Ladder Magazine for Lesbians

This article explores the rhetorical strategies used within The Ladder magazine to legitimate its producers, and by extension all lesbians, as participants in the public dialogue regarding the

A Narrative Life Story of Activist Phyllis Lyon and Her Reflections on a Life with Del Martin

Phyllis Lyon met the love of her life in 1953. Her name was Del Martin. When they fell in love, homosexuality was an illness that needed to be cured, a sin to be confessed and an illegal act that

The Grassroots Pro-Asylum Seeker Movement in the Republic of Ireland: A Social Movement Perspective

This thesis is an in-depth analysis of the Grassroots Pro-Asylum Seeker Movement in the Republic of Ireland between 1994 and 2004. It seeks to understand and analyse this development of the

Lesbians Are from Lesbos: Sappho and Identity Construction in The Ladder

The Daughters of Bilitis, a small lesbian club in San Francisco, typed, mimeographed, and distributed 100 copies of the first issue of their monthly newsletter in October 1956, inaugurating the

More than throw-away fiction: investigating lesbian pulp fiction through the lens of a lesbian textual community

This thesis argues for and conducts close reading on lesbian pulp fiction published in the United States between 1950 and 1965. Though a thorough investigation of a lesbian textual community centred

Crisis of Faith: Same-Sex Sex Scandals, Evangelicalism, and Crisis Management

of a dissertation at the University of Miami. Dissertation supervised by Assistant Professor Shannon B. Campbell No. of pages in text. (202) This research examines the crisis responses of six

‘They’re gay bars, but they’re men bars’: Gendering questionably queer spaces in a Southeastern US university town

Abstract The increased acceptance of LGBTQ people in U.S. society has arguably led explicitly queer social spaces, such as the gay bar, to be displaced by more ‘questionably queer’ venues—fluid



Compulsory Heterosexuality and Lesbian Existence

  • A. Rich
  • Art
    Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
  • 1980
In its first issue (Autumn 1975), Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society published Carroll Smith-Rosenberg's now classic article, "The Female World of Love and Ritual: Relations between Women

“New Social Movements” of the Early Nineteenth Century

  • C. Calhoun
  • Political Science
    Social Science History
  • 1993
Sometime After 1968, analysts and participants began to speak of “new social movements” that worked outside formal institutional channels and emphasized lifestyle, ethical, or “identity” concerns

Being a Lesbian and Being in Love

Clinicians and laypeople alike have assumed that lesbian identity is a unitary phenomenon, a central component of which included involved in a romantic or sexual relationship with another women. This

Resource Mobilization and Social Movements: A Partial Theory

Past analysis of social movements and social movement organizations has normally assumed a close link between the frustrations or grievances of a collectivity of actors and the growth and decline of

Lesbian Identity and Community: Recent Social Science Literature

  • S. Krieger
  • Sociology
    Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society
  • 1982
This article reviews recent social science literature on the relationship between lesbian identity and community. Specifically, it considers how lesbian communities both affirm and challenge the

Powers of Desire: The Politics of Sexuality

This provocative anthology brings together a diverse group of well-known feminist and gay writers, historians, and activists. They are concerned not only with current sexual issues-abortion,

A Restricted Country

In recent years more and more feminists have turned to autobiographical writing, making of reminiscence a kind of do-it-yourself oral history, in some cases seeking the history of oppressed peoples

Odd Girls and Twilight Lovers: A History of Lesbian Life in Twentieth-Century America@@@What a Lesbian Looks like: Writings by Lesbians on Their Lives and Lifestyles

ContentsIntroduction1. "The Loves of Women for Each Other": "Romantic Friends" in the Twentieth Century2. A Worm in the Bud: The Early Sexologists and Love Between Women3. Lesbian Chic:

New Social Movements

In the last ten to twenty years, conflicts have developed in advanced Western societies that, in many respects, deviate from the welfare-state pattern of institutionalized conflict over distribution.

Intimate Matters: A History of Sexuality in America.

As the first full-length study of the history of sexuality in America, "Intimate Matters" offered trenchant insights into the sexual behavior of Americans from colonial times to the present. Now,