Dual inhibition of Bcr-Abl and Hsp90 by C086 potently inhibits the proliferation of imatinib-resistant CML cells.
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an epithelial malignancy usually associated with overexpression of both epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and β-catenin. FM807 is a novel curcumin analogue with antitumor activity against both poorly and well-differentiated NPC cell lines as well as good selectivity for tumor cells. FM807 actions were shown to include inhibition of cell growth, induction of necrotic/late apoptotic cell death, and G1 arrest in NPC cells. Crucially, it exhibited potent antitumor effects both in vitro and in vivo. Binding of FM807 to the N-terminus of Hsp90 disrupted Hsp90/client complexes, resulting in degradation of the Hsp90 client protein EGFR and inhibition of the downstream Raf/MEK/ERK and PI3K/AKT pathway. FM807 also depleted levels of the intranuclear transcription factors β-catenin, Cyclin D1 and c-Myc levels by inhibiting Hsp90 chaperoned nuclear transport. In conjunction with its low toxicity in NPC xenograft mice, these results provide a sound preclinical basis for further development of FM807 as a novel therapeutic agent in the treatment of NPC.