Maternal Alcohol Abuse and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Research results in the areas of drug treatment and developmental outcomes are reviewed and recommendations for service provision to both mothers with alcohol abuse problems and individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder are made.
FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME
- Medicine, Psychology
This review summarizes the literature on the fetal disorders that arise under the influence of prenatal alcoholism, on the criteria for diagnosis, pathogenesis, behavioral disorders, treatment and…
Selective underexpression of Kv3.2 and Kv3.4 channels in the cortex of rats exposed to ethanol during early postnatal life
- MedicineNeurological Sciences
An increased susceptibility to apoptotic neuronal death after early postnatal exposure to ethanol was confirmed by the lower bcl-2/bax ratio observed in alcohol-treated animals, and the lack of upregulation in the model argues against their involvement in the mechanism leading to alcohol-induced apoptosis.
Long-Lasting Effects of Prenatal Ethanol Exposure on Fear Learning and Development of the Amygdala
- Psychology, BiologyFront. Behav. Neurosci.
Results from this study will provide insight on the neurobiological and behavioral effects of PrEE and provide new information on developmental trajectories of brain dysfunction in people prenatally exposed to ethanol.
Brain microstructure is related to math ability in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
- Medicine, PsychologyAlcoholism, clinical and experimental research
The results highlight the consistent importance of the left parietal area for mathematical tasks across various populations, and also demonstrate other regions that may be specific to mathematical processing in children with FASD.
Cerebral palsy and alcohol consumption during pregnancy: is there a connection?
- Medicine, PsychologyAlcohol and alcoholism
These neurodevelopmental disorders and other wide-ranging physical and behavioral problems occurring in conjunction with or in the absence of classic FAS features are now subsumed under the broader umbrella term, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters (FAEE), A Biomarker of Alcohol Exposure: Hope for a Silent Epidemic of Fetal Alcohol Affected Children
This thesis fills a translational gap of research between the development of the FAEE hair test and its application in the context of FASD, and reports a positive dose-concentration relationship between alcohol exposure and hair FAEE, in the human, and the guinea pig.
Ameliorating effects of preadolescent aniracetam treatment on prenatal ethanol-induced impairment in AMPA receptor activity
- BiologyNeurobiology of Disease
Alcohol Consumption and Abstention among Pregnant Japanese Women
- MedicineJournal of epidemiology
Significant associations were recognized between higher education and both alcohol consumption during pregnancy and abstention after pregnancy confirmation, whereas abstention was significantly associated with less frequent alcohol consumption and knowledge regarding the risk of alcohol consumption.
SHOWING 1-2 OF 2 REFERENCES
Mental retardation in over half-a-million consecutive livebirths: an epidemiological study.
The minimum prevalence for all levels of retardation among the 15- to 29-year age group, where ascertainment was best, was 7.7 per 1,000, and data were presented on lagtime (time from birth until a retarded person is identified in association with the level of functioning and the presence of disabilities in addition to mental retardation).
PERSPECTIVES ON THE CAUSE AND FREQUENCY OF THE FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME
- MedicineAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences
The present evidence favors ethanol as the cause for the adverse effects on morphogenesis that constitute the fetal alcohol syndrome, and it is recommended that chronically alcoholic women be on effective birth control measures.