FEMALE TO MALE TRANSMISSION OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1: RISK FACTORS FOR SEROCONVERSION IN MEN

@article{Cameron1989FEMALETM,
  title={FEMALE TO MALE TRANSMISSION OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1: RISK FACTORS FOR SEROCONVERSION IN MEN},
  author={D William Cameron and Lourdes J. D'costa and Gregory Maitha and Mary S. Cheang and Peter Piot and J. Neil Simonsen and Allan R. Ronald and MichaelN Gakinya and J. O. Ndinya-Achola and Robert C. Brunham and Francis A. Plummer},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={1989},
  volume={334},
  pages={403-407}
}
To determine the frequency and risk factors for female to male sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), a prospective study was carried out in 422 men who had acquired a sexually transmitted disease (STD) from a group of prostitutes with a prevalence of HIV-1 infection of 85%. The initial seroprevalence of HIV among the men was 12%. 24 of 293 (8.2%) initially seronegative men seroconverted to HIV-1. Newly acquired infection was independently associated with frequent… 
Cofactors in male-female sexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
TLDR
Stepwise logistic regression analysis confirmed independent associations between HIV-1 infection and oral contraceptive use, condom use, genital ulcers, and C. trachomatis, and the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases may in part explain the heterosexual HIV- 1 epidemic in Africa.
Incidence and predictors of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 seroconversion in patients attending sexually transmitted disease clinics in India.
TLDR
Behavioral and biologic measures directed at the prevention and control of STDs would be expected to greatly reduce the transmission of HIV-1 infection in similar high-risk groups.
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 seroconversion in women with genital ulcers.
TLDR
Cervical ectopy and pelvic inflammatory disease may increase susceptibility to HIV-1 in women with genital ulcers and risk factors associated with seroconversion were determined.
Probability of female-to-male transmission of HIV-1 in Thailand
TLDR
A high per-act probability of heterosexual transmission helps to explain the rapid spread of HIV-1 in the emerging epidemic in Thailand and perhaps in other countries where HIV- 1 transmission is predominantly heterosexual.
Viral load and heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Rakai Project Study Group.
TLDR
The viral load is the chief predictor of the risk of heterosexual transmission of HIV-1, and transmission is rare among persons with levels of less than 1500 copies of HIV -1 RNA per milliliter.
Effect of circumcision on incidence of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and other sexually transmitted diseases: a prospective cohort study of trucking company employees in Kenya.
TLDR
In this prospective cohort of trucking company employees, uncircumcised status was associated with increased risk of HIV-1 infection and genital ulcer disease, and these effects remained after controlling for potential confounders.
VIRAL LOAD AND HETEROSEXUAL TRANSMISSION OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1 VIRAL LOAD AND HETEROSEXUAL TRANSMISSION OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS TYPE 1
A BSTRACT Background and Methods We examined the influence of viral load in relation to other risk factors for the heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). In a
Risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection and genital ulcer disease among persons attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic in Italy.
TLDR
It is indicated that positive syphilis serology is an unbiased criterion for identifying individuals at increased risk of HIV infection, and a role of ulcerative diseases as risk factors for prevalent HIV infection is suggested.
Assessment of sexually transmitted diseases as risk factors for HIV seroconversion in a New Orleans sexually transmitted disease clinic, 1990-1998.
TLDR
It is suggested that both ulcerative and non-ulcerative STD may be associated with increased risk of HIV transmission and therefore comprehensive STD control strategies may be particularly effective tools for HIV prevention.
Sexually transmitted disease acquisition among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1.
TLDR
In 143 HIV-infected women enrolled in a university-based longitudinal HIV clinic over 16 months (mean), the STD point prevalence was examined at enrollment and the cumulative prevalence was calculated at follow-up.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
Human immunodeficiency virus infection among men with sexually transmitted diseases. Experience from a center in Africa.
TLDR
It is found that genital ulcers and an intact foreskin are associated with HIV infection in men with a sexually transmitted disease and may increase men's susceptibility to HIV, or they may increase the infectivity of women infected with HIV.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection among patients attending clinics for sexually transmitted diseases.
TLDR
The data suggest that patients at clinics for sexually transmitted diseases represent a group at high risk for HIV infection, and that screening, counseling, and intensive education should be offered to all patients attending such clinics.
Genital ulceration as a risk factor for human immunodeficiency virus infection.
TLDR
Aggressive control of chancroid and syphilis may offer one very feasible approach to reducing transmission of HIV in this region.
Male-to-female transmission of human immunodeficiency virus.
TLDR
Neither condom use, total number of sexual partners since 1978, nor lifetime number of sexually transmitted diseases was associated with infection.
Heterosexual transmission of HIV.
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME IN A HETEROSEXUAL POPULATION IN ZAIRE
TLDR
The findings of this study strongly argue that the situation in central Africa represents a new epidemiological setting for this worldwide disease--that of significant transmission in a large heterosexual population.
AIDS in Africa: an epidemiologic paradigm
TLDR
Prevention and control of HIV infection through educational programs and blood bank screening should be an immediate public health priority for all African countries.
Retrospective seroepidemiology of AIDS virus infection in Nairobi populations.
TLDR
The results indicate that the AIDS virus was recently introduced into Kenya, that HIV can rapidly disseminate in a high-risk group of heterosexuals, and that prostitutes may have significantly contributed to the spread of the virus.
AIDS virus infection in Nairobi prostitutes. Spread of the epidemic to East Africa.
TLDR
Sexual exposure to men from Central Africa was significantly associated with HTLV-III antibody among prostitutes, suggesting transcontinental spread of the epidemic.
Epidemiology of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States.
TLDR
In 1986, reported AIDS deaths increased adult male and female mortality in the United States by an estimated 0.7 and 0.07%, respectively, with much greater increases in selected age groups or areas of the country.
...
1
2
3
4
...