FEM-Based Surface Wave Multimixed-Path Propagator and Path Loss Predictions

@article{Apaydin2009FEMBasedSW,
  title={FEM-Based Surface Wave Multimixed-Path Propagator and Path Loss Predictions},
  author={Gox0308khan Apaydin and Levent Sevgi},
  journal={IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters},
  year={2009},
  volume={8},
  pages={1010-1013}
}
A finite element method (FEM)-based surface wave propagation prediction simulator is developed. The simulator is tested and calibrated against analytical ray-mode models that also take into account the Millington recovery effects. It successfully calculates path losses over multimixed propagation paths at MF and HF frequency bands where the surface wave contribution is significant. 
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