FAMINE AND MARKET IN ANCIEN RÉGIME FRANCE

@article{Grda2002FAMINEAM,
  title={FAMINE AND MARKET IN ANCIEN R{\'E}GIME FRANCE},
  author={Cormac {\'O} Gr{\'a}da and Jean-Michel Chevet},
  journal={The Journal of Economic History},
  year={2002},
  volume={62},
  pages={706 - 733}
}
How—and how well—do food markets function in famine conditions? The controversy surrounding this question may benefit from historical perspective. Here we study two massive famines that struck France between 1693 and 1710, killing over two million people. In both cases the impact of harvest failure was exacerbated by wartime demands on the food supply; we ask whether the crises were exacerbated yet further by a failure of markets to function as they did in normal times. The evidence, we… 
INTRODUCTION 1
Famines are, and have always been, a hallmark of economic backwardness. Europe and the rest of today’s developed world have been spared major famine in peacetime since the 1860s, and there have been
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