F.W. Bessel (1825): The calculation of longitude and latitude from geodesic measurements

@article{Bessel2010FWB,
  title={F.W. Bessel (1825): The calculation of longitude and latitude from geodesic measurements},
  author={Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel and Charles F. F. Karney and Rodney Deakin},
  journal={Astronomische Nachrichten},
  year={2010},
  volume={331},
  pages={852-861}
}
First of all, it should be no surprise that a paper on this subject appeared in an astronomical journal. At the time, the disciplines of astronomy, navigation, and surveying were inextricably linked - the methods and, in many cases, the practitioners (in particular, Bessel) were the same. Prior to Bessel's paper, the solution of the geodesic problem had been the subject of several studies by Clairaut, Euler, du S´ejour, Legendre, Oriani, and others. The interest in the subject was twofold. It… 

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