Eyewitness Memory, Suggestibility, and Repeated Recall Sessions in Children with Mild and Moderate Intellectual Disabilities

  title={Eyewitness Memory, Suggestibility, and Repeated Recall Sessions in Children with Mild and Moderate Intellectual Disabilities},
  author={Lucy A. Henry and Gisli Gudjonsson},
  journal={Law and Human Behavior},
This study of eyewitness memory questioned children with mild and moderate intellectual disabilities (ID) about a live staged event 1 day later and, again, 2 weeks later. Children with mild ID performed as well as typically-developing children of the same age in response to free recall instructions, and they were just as able as same age peers to resist misleading questions. However, they performed more poorly on general questions, probing for further information after free recall. The children… 
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Children with mental retardation performed very well on many measures of eyewitness memory performance, reaching the level of the CA-comparable group for free recall, general questions, open-ended questions, and correctly leading questions, but were not more suggestible in response to closed misleading questions.
The impact of misleading questions on eyewitness memory in children and adults
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Interrogative Suggestibility, Memory and Intellectual Disability
Background  Psychologists are often asked to prepare reports on suspects, complainants and witnesses with intellectual disabilities for court. Increasingly, the Gudjonsson Suggestibility Scales are
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Child and adult witnesses with intellectual disability: The importance of suggestibility
Children and adults with learning disability have much poorer memory and higher suggestibility scores than their contemporaries of normal intelligence and differences in suggestibility are only partly explained by poorer memory scores.
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The abilities of children with mental retardation to remember the details of a personally experienced event were investigated and they accurately recalled the health check features, provided detail, and resisted misleading questions about features that did not occur.