Eyewitness Identification Procedures: Recommendations for Lineups and Photospreads

  title={Eyewitness Identification Procedures: Recommendations for Lineups and Photospreads},
  author={Gary L Wells and Mark A Small and Steven D Penrod and Roy S. Malpass and Solomon M. Fulero and Chris Brimacombe},
  journal={Law and Human Behavior},
There is increasing evidence that false eyewitness identification is the primary cause of the conviction of innocent people. In 1996, the American Psychology/Law Society and Division 41 of the American Psychological Association appointed a subcommittee to review scientific evidence and make recommendations regarding the best procedures for constructing and conducting lineups and photospreads. Three important themes from the scientific literature relevant to lineup methods were identified and… 
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