Eye movements and the perceptual span in beginning and skilled readers.

@article{Rayner1986EyeMA,
  title={Eye movements and the perceptual span in beginning and skilled readers.},
  author={Keith Rayner},
  journal={Journal of experimental child psychology},
  year={1986},
  volume={41 2},
  pages={
          211-36
        }
}
  • K. Rayner
  • Published 1 April 1986
  • Psychology
  • Journal of experimental child psychology
The Perceptual Span and Individual Differences among Chinese Children
ABSTRACT In the present study, we explored the perceptual span of typically developing Chinese children in Grade 3 (G3) during their reading of age-appropriate sentences, utilizing the gaze
Developmental changes in the visual span for reading
Lexical Quality and Eye Movements: Individual Differences in the Perceptual Span of Skilled Adult Readers
TLDR
Results suggest that, in addition to supporting rapid lexical retrieval of fixated words, the high quality lexical representations indexed by the combination of high reading and spelling ability support efficient processing of parafoveal information and effective saccadic targeting.
Development of the letter identity span in reading: evidence from the eye movement moving window paradigm.
Perceptual Span in Oral Reading: The Case of Chinese
TLDR
The findings suggest that the physical size of the perceptual span is smaller when reading aloud than in silent reading, suggesting that the mechanisms causing the reduced span in oral reading have a common base that generalizes across languages and writing systems.
Eye movements of beginning and more skilled readers
The present study aimed to analyze and compare the eye movements of beginning (2 nd grade) and more skilled (4 th grade) readers, during reading words and pseudo-words aloud, that differ in frequency
Eye movements, the perceptual span, and reading speed
TLDR
The main findings were that fast readers had a larger perceptual span than did slow readers and that the span was not affected by whether or not the text was fixed width or proportional width.
The Perceptual Span in Second Language Reading: An Eye-tracking Study Using a Gaze-contingent Moving Window Paradigm
The perceptual span, which is the visual area providing useful information to a reader during eye fixation, has been well investigated among native or first language (L1) readers, but not among
Eye movements and the perceptual span in older and younger readers.
TLDR
It is demonstrated that older readers have a smaller and more symmetric span than that of younger readers, which may be a consequence of their less efficient processing of nonfoveal information, which results in a riskier reading strategy.
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References

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The perceptual span and peripheral cues in reading
The Span of Letter Recognition of Good and Poor Readers. Technical Report No. 251.
THIS STUDY investigated the span of letter recognition for good and poor readers during a reading task. Sixteen fifth-grade children read passages from a cathode-ray tube as their eye movements were
Span of recognition in reading
Perceptual span for letter distinctions during reading
THIS STUDY investigated the size of the visual region within which adults use visual information to distinguish among letters as they read. Fifteen college students read passages from a cathode-ray
Eye movements while reading and searching spatially transformed text: A developmental examination
TLDR
Although reading and search were found to be sensitive to the same types of spatial manipulations, discrepancies of span and speed suggest qualitative differences; comprehension demands during reading can account for these differences.
Asymmetry of the perceptual span in reading
An on-line computer technique was used to determine whether three skilled readers acquired visual information equally far to the left and right of central vision during fixations in reading. None of
Eye movement differences between dyslexics, normal, and retarded readers while sequentially fixating digits.
  • G. Pavlidis
  • Psychology
    American journal of optometry and physiological optics
  • 1985
TLDR
It may be possible to use the eye movement records from nonreading sequential tasks for the objective diagnosis of dyslexia, as such tasks do not depend on reading, and may even be used before reading age.
The availability of useful information to the right of fixation in reading
TLDR
A series of experiments that examined the characteristics of useful information to the right of fixation during reading showed that reading was improved by this partial information and that preserving three letters of the word to theright of fixation improved reading almost as much as presenting the entire word.
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