Eye Tracking in Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Research

@inproceedings{Jacob2003EyeTI,
  title={Eye Tracking in Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Research},
  author={Robert J. K. Jacob and Keith S. Karn},
  year={2003}
}

Tables from this paper

Eye tracking based human computer interaction: Applications and their uses

TLDR
This paper has uniquely integrated The Eye Tribe with Unity5.1.1 and inferred that a subject with and without bifocal glasses show relatively similar fixation results if they have correct vision but the results differ with small error if the eye is corrected using lenses.

Eye gaze tracking for human computer interaction

TLDR
The thesis presents a usability tool for recording of interaction and gaze activity and describes algorithms for reading detection, which present results based on user studies conducted with prototypes developed for the purpose.

Analysis of eye tracking techniques in usability and HCI perspective

  • Chahat SharmaS. Dubey
  • Computer Science
    2014 International Conference on Computing for Sustainable Global Development (INDIACom)
  • 2014
TLDR
The issues and scope of implementing eye-tracking systems to test the usable interface, and the various techniques through which eye-movements can be systematically measured to examine the usability of an interface are presented.

Computer Interaction Analysis: Toward an Empirical Approach to Understanding User Practice and Eye Gaze in GUI-Based Interaction

TLDR
This paper builds on earlier approaches to human interaction with a computer and adapt them to the latest technologies for computer screen capture and eye tracking and proposes a new transcription notation scheme that is designed to represent the interweaving streams of input actions, display events and eye movements.

Gaze-enhanced user interface design

TLDR
This research explores how gaze information can be effectively used as an augmented input in addition to traditional input devices and proposes solutions which, as discovered over the course of the research, can be used to mitigate these issues.

A non-contact eye-gaze tracking system for human computer interaction

TLDR
Experiments show that error rates of the eye gaze tracking system used in HCI in this way is greatly decreased and the fixation messages best indicate the user's intention, which makes interaction more natural and convenient.

Eye Tracking and Universal Access: Three Applications and Practical Examples

TLDR
Three applications of eye tracking technology to the challenge of universal access are discussed, including the use of gaze-controlled systems that allow disabled users to operate computers and other modern technology, and theUse of eye data to examine cognitive attributes of operators of complex systems as they complete critical tasks.

Multimodal Interaction: an integrated speech and gaze approach

TLDR
This study focuses on language and direct manipulation, which is to obtain the same ease and robustness of human communications integrating automatic speech recognition with non-verbal methods, such as eye-gaze tracking, to improve the output of a multimodal application.

Eye Gaze Tracking: A Breakthrough in Human Computer Interaction

TLDR
The objectives of this paper are to introduce the reader to the basics of eye- movement technology, and present key aspects of practical guidance to those who might be interested in using eye tracking in HCI research, whether in usability- evaluation studies, or for capturing people's eye movements as an input mechanism to drive system interaction.

Eye Tracking In Web Usability: What Users Really See

TLDR
Eye tracking and survey forms were used to collect data on the user experiences of these websites and simulated eye tracking results obtained using Attention Wizard, an eye tracking simulation tool that uses advanced artificial intelligence algorithms to simulate human visual processing and attention were obtained.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 127 REFERENCES

Comparing interfaces based on what users watch and do

TLDR
An Eye Tracking Analysis System is designed and implemented that generates combined gaze and action visualizations from eye movement data and interaction logs that allows an experimenter to see the visual attention shifts of users interleaved with their actions on each screen of a multi-screen interface.

Evaluation of eye gaze interaction

TLDR
Two experiments are presented that compare an interaction technique developed for object selection based on a where a person is looking with the most commonly used selection method using a mouse and find that the eye gaze interaction technique is faster than selection with a mouse.

Human-computer interaction using eye-gaze input

TLDR
The eye-gaze interface technology, its implementation in Erica, and its application as a prosthetic device are described.

What you look at is what you get: eye movement-based interaction techniques

TLDR
Some of the human factors and technical considerations that arise in trying to use eye movements as an input medium are discussed and the first eye movement-based interaction techniques that are devised and implemented in the laboratory are described.

Interacting with eye movements in virtual environments

TLDR
It was found that the eye movement-based interaction was faster than pointing, especially for distant objects, however, subjects' ability to recall spatial information was weaker in the eye condition than the pointing one.

Eye Movements and Interface Component Grouping: An Evaluation Method

TLDR
If eye movement behavior is influenced by interface design quality in a manner that can be characterized and used to identify design weaknesses, and the applicability of eye movement analysis as a quantitative interface evaluation method was discussed.

The hunt for usability: tracking eye movements

TLDR
Usability studies of human-computer systems that have included eye tracking, e.g., [1] are beginning to show benefits of these techniques, however, important challenges remain.

Use of an Eyetracking System in the Usability Laboratory

TLDR
An eye movement study conducted using PRODIGY Display Screens is described, highlighting the use of the Eyegaze System, an eyetracking system, developed by LC Technologies, as a usability tool.

Eyes in the interface

An Eye Movement Analysis of Web Page Usability

TLDR
It is proposed that for eye movement analysis to be maximally useful in interface-evaluation studies, the method needs to be refined to accommodate the temporal and dynamic aspects of interface use, such as the stage of task processing that is being engaged in.
...