Non-infective pericarditis in some cases may be caused by secondary amyloidosis. Amyloidosis is a metabolic disorder in which amyloid protein is deposited in various organs and destroys them. The most frequent location of systemic amyloidosis are the kidneys. In this case study we report a 74-year-old man who was admitted to hospital due to very poor condition, generalised oedema and severe dyspnoea. Since 2003 the patient had been hospitalised many times due to pericarditis of unknown aetiology. In this case we diagnosed exudative pericarditis due to nephrotic syndrome caused by secondary kidney amyloidosis which occurs very rarely.