Extrinsic flexor muscles generate concurrent flexion of all three finger joints.

@article{Kamper2002ExtrinsicFM,
  title={Extrinsic flexor muscles generate concurrent flexion of all three finger joints.},
  author={Derek G. Kamper and T George Hornby and William Zev Rymer},
  journal={Journal of biomechanics},
  year={2002},
  volume={35 12},
  pages={1581-9}
}
The role of the forearm (extrinsic) finger flexor muscles in initiating rotation of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joint and in coordinating flexion at the MCP, the proximal interphalangeal (PIP), and distal interphalangeal (DIP) joints remains a matter of some debate. To address the biomechanical feasibility of the extrinsic flexors performing these actions, a computer simulation of the index finger was created. The model consisted of a planar open-link chain comprised of three revolute joints… CONTINUE READING
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