Extrinsic Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation in Education: Reconsidered Once Again

@article{Deci2001ExtrinsicRA,
  title={Extrinsic Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation in Education: Reconsidered Once Again},
  author={Edward L. Deci and Richard Koestner and Richard M. Ryan},
  journal={Review of Educational Research},
  year={2001},
  volume={71},
  pages={1 - 27}
}
The finding that extrinsic rewards can undermine intrinsic motivation has been highly controversial since it first appeared (Deci, 1971). A meta-analysis published in this journal (Cameron & Pierce, 1994) concluded that the undermining effect was minimal and largely inconsequential for educational policy. However, a more recent meta-analysis (Deci, Koestner, & Ryan, 1999) showed that the Cameron and Pierce meta-analysis was seriously flawed and that its conclusions were incorrect. This article… Expand

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