Extrinsic Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation in Education: Reconsidered Once Again

  title={Extrinsic Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation in Education: Reconsidered Once Again},
  author={E. Deci and R. Koestner and R. Ryan},
  journal={Review of Educational Research},
  pages={1 - 27}
  • E. Deci, R. Koestner, R. Ryan
  • Published 2001
  • Psychology
  • Review of Educational Research
  • The finding that extrinsic rewards can undermine intrinsic motivation has been highly controversial since it first appeared (Deci, 1971). A meta-analysis published in this journal (Cameron & Pierce, 1994) concluded that the undermining effect was minimal and largely inconsequential for educational policy. However, a more recent meta-analysis (Deci, Koestner, & Ryan, 1999) showed that the Cameron and Pierce meta-analysis was seriously flawed and that its conclusions were incorrect. This article… CONTINUE READING

    Tables from this paper.

    Extrinsic Reinforcement in the Classroom: Bribery or Best Practice
    • 99
    • PDF
    Gamification in theory and action: A survey
    • 898
    • PDF


    Publications referenced by this paper.
    A meta-analytic review of experiments examining the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation.
    • 5,214
    • PDF
    Intrinsic Motivation and Self-Determination in Human Behavior
    • 19,209
    Effects of Externally Mediated Rewards on Intrinsic Motivation.
    • 3,354
    Reinforcement, Reward, and Intrinsic Motivation: A Meta-Analysis
    • 1,021
    • Highly Influential
    • PDF