Extreme morphological and ecological homoplasy in tropical salamanders.

  title={Extreme morphological and ecological homoplasy in tropical salamanders.},
  author={Gabriela Parra-Olea and David B Wake},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={98 14},
Fossorial salamanders typically have elongate and attenuated heads and bodies, diminutive limbs, hands and feet, and extremely elongate tails. Batrachoseps from California, Lineatriton from eastern México, and Oedipina from southern México to Ecuador, all members of the family Plethodontidae, tribe Bolitoglossini, resemble one another in external morphology, which has evolved independently. Whereas Oedipina and Batrachoseps are elongate because there are more trunk vertebrae, a widespread… CONTINUE READING
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