Extreme insular dwarfism evolved in a mammoth.

@article{Herridge2012ExtremeID,
  title={Extreme insular dwarfism evolved in a mammoth.},
  author={Victoria Louise Herridge and Adrian M. Lister},
  journal={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
  year={2012},
  volume={279 1741},
  pages={3193-200}
}
The insular dwarfism seen in Pleistocene elephants has come to epitomize the island rule; yet our understanding of this phenomenon is hampered by poor taxonomy. For Mediterranean dwarf elephants, where the most extreme cases of insular dwarfism are observed, a key systematic question remains unresolved: are all taxa phyletic dwarfs of a single mainland species Palaeoloxodon antiquus (straight-tusked elephant), or are some referable to Mammuthus (mammoths)? Ancient DNA and geochronological… CONTINUE READING

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