Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism

  title={Extreme and Restricted Utilitarianism},
  author={John Jamieson Carswell Smart},
  journal={The Philosophical Quarterly},
  • J. Smart
  • Published 1 October 1956
  • Sociology
  • The Philosophical Quarterly


In this thesis a version of the ethical theory of utilitarianism is defended. The version defended is called ‘objectivist compatibilist utilitarianism’, or ‘OCtJ’. On this version, utilitarian

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: I want to distinguish between maxims at three levels of abstraction. At the first level are what I shall call individual maxims, or i-maxims: maxim tokens as adoptedby particularrational beings.

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Subjecting Kantian ethics and utilitarianism to the process of reflective equilibrium lends support to the idea that the authors need a pluralistic approach that would accommodate their moral intuitions regarding both the equal value of whole lives and the additive value of life-years.

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  • Philosophy
    Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement
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Abstract Many people attempt to give meaning to their lives by pursuing projects that they believe will bear fruit after they have died. Knowing that their death will preclude them from protecting or

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Animal replaceability is supposed to be a feature of some consequentialist theories, like Utilitarianism. Roughly, an animal is replaceable if it is permissible to kill it because the disvalue

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This paper is about style appropriation: the use by someone of stylistic cultural innovations distinctive of a cultural group that is not her own. While I agree with the key insight of C. Thi

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  • M. Häyry
  • Philosophy
    Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics
  • 2020
Abstract Utilitarianism could still be a viable moral and political theory, although an emphasis on justice as distributing burdens and benefits has hidden this from current conversations. The