Extraperitoneal retrograde transhepatic biliary drainage for common bile duct exploration for prevention of tube dislodgment and its earlier removal.

Primary bile duct closure with retrograde transhepatic biliary drainage (RTBD) using an RTBD tube (RTBDT) is a feasible surgical technique after common bile duct exploration in choledocholithiasis in comparison to conventional T-tube insertion. But, unfortunately, this technique is not popular because of the difficulty to introduce a catheter into a… (More)