Extraordinarily high rates of male circumcision in South Korea: history and underlying causes

  title={Extraordinarily high rates of male circumcision in South Korea: history and underlying causes},
  author={Myung-Geol Pang and D.S. Kim},
  journal={BJU International},
  • M. Pang, D.S. Kim
  • Published 1 January 2002
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • BJU International
Objective To investigate the high circumcision rate in South Korea and its rapid increase in the short period since its introduction. 

Erratum to: Estimation of country-specific and global prevalence of male circumcision

This research presents a novel probabilistic approach to estimating the response of the immune system to laser-spot assisted, 3D image analysis of central nervous system injury.

The effect of male circumcision on sexuality

To prospectively study, using a questionnaire, the sexuality of men circumcised as adults compared to uncircumcised men, and to compare their sex lives before and after circumcision.

Ritual male circumcision: a brief history.

  • D. Doyle
  • Sociology
    The journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
  • 2005
This paper looks at its history and speculates on why and how it spread; at what it can teach us about the origins of the Bantu tribes of Southern Africa; all of whom practice circumcision; and at medical aspects of circumcision and its place in developing societies.

Childhood circumcision: a planned approach

The circumcised boys were circumcised in their respective houses under aseptic conditions by teams of nurses, midwives and surgical aids locally trained for that purpose, with the commonest being infection that was easily controlled by local wound care.

Decline in male circumcision in South Korea

South Korean male circumcision is likely to be undergoing a steep decline, strongly correlated with the information available through internet, newspapers, lectures, books, and television, which seems to be the increase in information available on the pros and cons of circumcision.

Triple incision to treat phimosis in children: an alternative to circumcision?

To evaluate the functional and cosmetic results and patient satisfaction after triple incision plasty for phimosis in children, a large number of children have undergone the procedure.

Attitudes of preinitiates towards traditional male circumcision in the context of HIV in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

The aim of this study was to assess attitudes of preinitiates towards traditional Male Circumcision (MC) in the context of HIV. The sample included 350 Xhosa preinitiates recruited from 3 different

Male circumcision: a globally relevant but under-utilized method for the prevention of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

Although MC is a globally valuable tool to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, it is underutilized and barriers to MC uptake include supply-side and demand-side challenges.

Routine peripubertal circumcision?

  • R. Darby
  • Medicine
    Canadian Medical Association Journal
  • 2011
It is not obvious that peripubertal boys are any more capable of giving consent than a baby, and boys at 11 or 12 years old lack maturity and sufficient knowledge.

Update on Neonatal Male Circumcision: A Public Health Perspective

This chapter uses Thailand as an example of how a country might benefit from introducing NMC as a public health measure and parents should be informed about the benefits and risks of NMC to decide whether their children should be circumcised.



Does circumcision influence sexually transmitted diseases?: A literature review

In the present review the medical literature is examined to determine what influence if any circumcision has on STDs.

Circumcision in the United States.

The circumcision status of boys aged 12 through 17 years from a sample cohort of the National Health Examination Survey cycle III, conducted from 1966-70, was analyzed and found circumcision was more common in Whites, in families with higher income, and higher educated heads of household.

Male circumcision, sexually transmitted disease, and risk of HIV.

  • J. SeedS. Allen F. Nsengumuremyi
  • Medicine
    Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes and human retrovirology : official publication of the International Retrovirology Association
  • 1995
Lack of circumcision is associated with a higher risk of HIV infection in Rwandan men and further research is needed to determine whether this higher risk is due in part to poor hygiene or to complex mechanisms operating through the acquisition of other sexually transmitted diseases.

Circumcision in the United States. Prevalence, prophylactic effects, and sexual practice.

The National Health and Social Life Survey evidence indicates a slight benefit of circumcision but a negligible association with most outcomes, which supports the view that physicians and parents be informed of the potential benefits and risks before circumcising newborns.

Adult circumcision.

Phimosis in boys.

Phimosis, defined as scarring of the tip of the prepuce, was studied prospectively in a series of 23 boys aged 4 to 11 years and showed the appearances of Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans.

Male circumcision: a South Korean perspective

The decrease in circumcision rate with increasing age suggests that circumcision is a recently acquired custom in Korean males, and the rate is as high as ute number of teenage or adult circumcisions anywhere in the world.

Circumcision practice patterns in the United States.

Additional education of current practitioners, residents, and parents is required to increase the use of anesthesia for circumcision, and a substantial number of PEDs are performing circumcisions, and they are most likely to use anesthesia, followed by FPs, then OBs.

Further fate of the foreskin. Incidence of preputial adhesions, phimosis, and smegma among Danish schoolboys.

  • J. Oster
  • Medicine
    Archives of disease in childhood
  • 1968
There are three decisive dates in the history of the prepuce: the year 1713 BC, in which Abraham is said to have been circumcised as a sign of the pact with Jehovah, the year 48 AD when Paul resolved that it was the circumcision of the heart and not of the flesh that was the true way to salvation, and the year 1949 AD when Gairdner published work which presented facts illustrating the normal development of theprepuce.

Human immunodeficiency virus infection among men with sexually transmitted diseases. Experience from a center in Africa.

It is found that genital ulcers and an intact foreskin are associated with HIV infection in men with a sexually transmitted disease and may increase men's susceptibility to HIV, or they may increase the infectivity of women infected with HIV.