Extraordinarily high rates of male circumcision in South Korea: history and underlying causes

@article{Pang2002ExtraordinarilyHR,
  title={Extraordinarily high rates of male circumcision in South Korea: history and underlying causes},
  author={Myung-Geol Pang and D.S. Kim},
  journal={BJU International},
  year={2002},
  volume={89}
}
  • M. Pang, D.S. Kim
  • Published 1 January 2002
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • BJU International
Objective To investigate the high circumcision rate in South Korea and its rapid increase in the short period since its introduction. 

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To evaluate the functional and cosmetic results and patient satisfaction after triple incision plasty for phimosis in children, a large number of children have undergone the procedure.

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References

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In the present review the medical literature is examined to determine what influence if any circumcision has on STDs.

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The circumcision status of boys aged 12 through 17 years from a sample cohort of the National Health Examination Survey cycle III, conducted from 1966-70, was analyzed and found circumcision was more common in Whites, in families with higher income, and higher educated heads of household.

Male circumcision, sexually transmitted disease, and risk of HIV.

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Lack of circumcision is associated with a higher risk of HIV infection in Rwandan men and further research is needed to determine whether this higher risk is due in part to poor hygiene or to complex mechanisms operating through the acquisition of other sexually transmitted diseases.

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The National Health and Social Life Survey evidence indicates a slight benefit of circumcision but a negligible association with most outcomes, which supports the view that physicians and parents be informed of the potential benefits and risks before circumcising newborns.

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The decrease in circumcision rate with increasing age suggests that circumcision is a recently acquired custom in Korean males, and the rate is as high as ute number of teenage or adult circumcisions anywhere in the world.

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There are three decisive dates in the history of the prepuce: the year 1713 BC, in which Abraham is said to have been circumcised as a sign of the pact with Jehovah, the year 48 AD when Paul resolved that it was the circumcision of the heart and not of the flesh that was the true way to salvation, and the year 1949 AD when Gairdner published work which presented facts illustrating the normal development of theprepuce.

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It is found that genital ulcers and an intact foreskin are associated with HIV infection in men with a sexually transmitted disease and may increase men's susceptibility to HIV, or they may increase the infectivity of women infected with HIV.