Extraneous factors in judicial decisions

@article{Danziger2011ExtraneousFI,
  title={Extraneous factors in judicial decisions},
  author={Shai Danziger and Jonathan Levav and Liora Avnaim-Pesso},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences},
  year={2011},
  volume={108},
  pages={6889 - 6892}
}
Are judicial rulings based solely on laws and facts? Legal formalism holds that judges apply legal reasons to the facts of a case in a rational, mechanical, and deliberative manner. In contrast, legal realists argue that the rational application of legal reasons does not sufficiently explain the decisions of judges and that psychological, political, and social factors influence judicial rulings. We test the common caricature of realism that justice is “what the judge ate for breakfast” in… Expand

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