Extradural motor cortex stimulation (EMCS) for Parkinson's disease. History and first results by the study group of the Italian neurosurgical society.

@article{Pagni2005ExtraduralMC,
  title={Extradural motor cortex stimulation (EMCS) for Parkinson's disease. History and first results by the study group of the Italian neurosurgical society.},
  author={Carlo Alberto Pagni and Maria Grazia Altibrandi and Annarita Bentivoglio and Giuseppe Caruso and Beatrice Cioni and Carmen Fiorella and Angelo Insola and Angelo Lavano and Raffaella Maina and Paolo A M Mazzone and Cosma Damiano Signorelli and Carmelo Sturiale and Franco Valzania and Sergio Zeme and Francesco Zenga},
  journal={Acta neurochirurgica. Supplement},
  year={2005},
  volume={93},
  pages={113-9}
}
The preliminary results obtained by the Study Group for Treatment of Involuntary Movements by Extradural Motor Cortex Stimulation (EMCS) of the Italian Neurosurgical Society, are reported. The series includes 16 cases of very advanced Parkinson's Disease (PD), aged 46-81; 15 of them were not eligible for Deep Brain Stimulation. Ten cases have been evaluated at 3-30 months after implantation. Unilateral, sub-threshold extradural motor cortex stimulation (2 8 Volt, 100-400 microsec., 20-120 Hz… CONTINUE READING
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