Comparisons of extraction and purification methods of soil microorganism DNA from rhizosphere soil
AIMS This paper describes a quick, reproducible, sensitive method for baculoviral DNA extraction, purification and detection from freshwater and forest litter environments. METHODS AND RESULTS The extraction protocol utilizes enzymatic and chemical lysis and physical disruption. To assess the efficiency of the extraction and purification protocol, PCR was used to detect a 530 bp DNA fragment from the genome of a genetically-modified baculovirus, Choristoneura fumiferana NPVegt-/lacZ+. The detection limit of PCR amplification was routinely about 4.1 x 102 occlusion bodies (OBs) 450 microl-1 lake water. Template DNA from the detritus and forest litter samples required 100-fold dilutions before use in PCR reactions. The detection limits for detritus and forest litter samples were routinely about 7.41 x 103 and 2.08 x 104 OBs 0.5 g-1 dry weight, respectively. CONCLUSION The DNA extraction and purification methodology is reproducible, sensitive and can be used in lieu of, or in conjunction with, insect bioassays. SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY The DNA extraction and purification protocol described in this paper will facilitate risk assessment and ecological studies of both wild-type and genetically-modified baculoviruses.