Extracorporeal therapies for acute intoxications.

  title={Extracorporeal therapies for acute intoxications.},
  author={Steven C. Borkan},
  journal={Critical care clinics},
  volume={18 2},
  pages={393-420, vii}
Intoxications frequently perturb acid-base and electrolyte status, intravascular volume, and renal function. In selected cases, extracorporeal techniques effectively restore homeostasis and augment intoxicant removal. The use of 4-methylpyrazole, an inhibitor of alcohol dehydrogenase, is a new and effective treatment for patients exposed to toxic alcohols. In this section, practical approaches to commonly encountered intoxicants and the use of extracorporeal techniques are critically reviewed.