Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for newborn respiratory failure.

  title={Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for newborn respiratory failure.},
  author={Thomas R. Weber and David G. Pennington and Robert H. Connors and William Kennan and Suresh Kotagal and Peter Braun and V Martychenko},
  journal={The Annals of thoracic surgery},
  volume={42 5},
Jugular vein-carotid artery extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was utilized in 22 newborns (16 male and 6 female) 1 to 12 days old with respiratory failure due to meconium aspiration (12 patients), diaphragmatic hernia (4), persistent fetal circulation (3), hyaline membrane disease (2), and Rh incompatibility (1). Prior to ECMO, all patients had alveolar-arterial O2 pressure gradients greater than 580 mm Hg (predicted mortality greater than 90%), weighed more than 1,800 gm, had a… CONTINUE READING


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