Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonatal respiratory failure. 100 cases.

@article{Bartlett1986ExtracorporealMO,
  title={Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in neonatal respiratory failure. 100 cases.},
  author={Robert H. Bartlett and A B Gazzaniga and John M Toomasian and Arnold G. Coran and Deborah Roloff and Ruth Rucker},
  journal={Annals of surgery},
  year={1986},
  volume={204 3},
  pages={236-45}
}
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was used in the treatment of 100 newborn infants with respiratory failure in three phases: Phase I (50 moribund patients to determine safety, efficacy, and risks); Phase II (30 high risk patients to compare ECMO to conventional ventilation); and Phase III (20 moderate to high risk patients, the current protocol). Seventy-two patients survived including 54% in Phase I, 90% in Phase II, and 90% in Phase III. The major complication was intracranial… CONTINUE READING