Extracellular nucleic acids

@article{Vlassov2007ExtracellularNA,
  title={Extracellular nucleic acids},
  author={Valentin V. Vlassov and P. P. Laktionov and Elena Yu. Rykova},
  journal={BioEssays},
  year={2007},
  volume={29}
}
Extracellular nucleic acids are found in different biological fluids in the organism and in the environment: DNA is a ubiquitous component of the organic matter pool in the soil and in all marine and freshwater habitats. Data from recent studies strongly suggest that extracellular DNA and RNA play important biological roles in microbial communities and in higher organisms. DNA is an important component of bacterial biofilms and is involved in horizontal gene transfer. In recent years, the… 
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Pseudomonas aeruginosa produces an extracellular deoxyribonuclease that is required for utilization of DNA as a nutrient source.
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Extracellular DNA: A Nutritional Trigger of Mycoplasma bovis Cytotoxicity
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Extracellular DNA was identified as a limiting nutrient for mycoplasma proliferation under cell culture conditions and the growth-promoting effect induced by supplementation with eDNA was associated with important cytotoxicity for actively dividing host cells, but not confluent monolayers.
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