Extracellular alkalosis activates ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase of vascular smooth muscle cells through NADPH-mediated formation of reactive oxygen species.

Abstract

Extracellular alkalosis induced phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and enhanced serum-induced ERK phosphorylation in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells. While extracellular alkalinization increased verapamil-sensitive (45)Ca(2+) uptake into the cells, ERK phosphorylation induced by extracellular alkalosis was not affected by verapamil. On the other hand, probes for oxidant signaling, such as superoxide dismutase, 4,5-dihydroxy-1,3-benzene-disulfonic acid, a cell-permeable antioxidant, and diphenyliodonium, a NADPH oxidase inhibitor, inhibited extracellular alkalosis-induced phosphorylation of ERK. These results suggest that activation of ERK induced by extracellular alkalosis is not dependent on transplasmalemmal Ca(2+) entry but is caused by reactive oxygen species derived from an activation of NADPH oxidase.

Cite this paper

@article{Susa2003ExtracellularAA, title={Extracellular alkalosis activates ERK mitogen-activated protein kinase of vascular smooth muscle cells through NADPH-mediated formation of reactive oxygen species.}, author={Shinji Susa and Ichiro Wakabayashi}, journal={FEBS letters}, year={2003}, volume={554 3}, pages={399-402} }