Extinctions in Near Time

@inproceedings{Macphee1999ExtinctionsIN,
  title={Extinctions in Near Time},
  author={Ross D.E. Macphee},
  booktitle={Advances in Vertebrate Paleobiology},
  year={1999}
}
  • R. Macphee
  • Published in
    Advances in Vertebrate…
    1999
  • Geography
Implications of a Bayesian radiocarbon calibration of colonization ages for mammalian megafauna in glaciated New York State after the Last Glacial Maximum
TLDR
Radiocarbon dates of megafaunal mammal species from New York State after the Last Glacial Maximum suggest species colonization and extirpation are driven by access to preferred habitat types, and the timing of caribou colonization implies that ecosystems were developed in the state prior to 16,000 cal yr BP. Expand
Was a ‘hyperdisease’ responsible for the late Pleistocene megafaunal extinction?
TLDR
It is shown that WNV is size-biased in its infection of North America birds, but is unlikely to result in an extinction similar to that of the end Pleistocene. Expand
Local Gazetteers Reveal Contrasting Patterns of Historical Distribution Changes between Apex Predators and Mesopredators in Eastern China
TLDR
Recon reconstructions provide direct proof of human disturbance on mammal distribution in China, and extend support for the mesopredator release hypothesis, and tested the predator guild hypothesis by proving that dhole were successful to coexist with tiger and leopard in history. Expand
The Pleistocene lion Panthera spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810) from Poland – A review
Abstract Panthera spelaea was recorded in Poland from 18 open-air and 42 cave sites dated in the range 750–28 ka. Most of these records are located in southern Poland (Silesia) and neighbouringExpand
Contemporary effective population size and predicted maintenance of genetic diversity in the endangered kea (Nestor notabilis)
TLDR
Despite the low Ne in kea, predator control and/or artificial immigration might be sufficient to maintain the present genetic diversity, and indirect genetic approaches a valuable alternative. Expand
Early Holocene human presence in Madagascar evidenced by exploitation of avian megafauna
TLDR
The evidence for anthropogenic perimortem modification of directly dated bones represents the earliest indication of humans in Madagascar, predating all other archaeological and genetic evidence by >6000 years and changing the understanding of the history of human colonization of Madagascar. Expand
Late Pleistocene proboscidean population dynamics in the North American Midcontinent
TLDR
Large-scale, collections-based, chronological and taphonomic analyses of midwestern Proboscidea suggest divergent population histories in mammoths and mastodons after the Last Glacial Maximum, suggesting this pattern is due to the collapse of trophic controls on proboscidean populations prior to the LGM and a subsequent system-wide shift from top-down to bottom-up regulatory mechanisms in Proboscidesa. Expand
Evolutionary History of the Large Herbivores of South and Southeast Asia (Indomalayan Realm)
Modern day South and Southeast Asia falls almost entirely within a single biogeographic region, the Indomalayan Realm. Here, we review the Cenozoic geological and environmental history of theExpand
Robustness despite uncertainty: regional climate data reveal the dominant role of humans in explaining global extinctions of Late Quaternary megafauna
Debate over the Late Quaternary megafaunal extinctions has focussed on whether human colonisation or climatic changes were more important drivers of extinction, with few extinctions beingExpand
The need to respect nature and its limits challenges society and conservation science
TLDR
It is analyzed how respecting the biosphere’s ecological limits squarely conflicts with an economy centered on growth and technology to mitigate environmental stress, and the role conservation science can play in this transformation, which poses ethical challenges and obstacles. Expand
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